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Biogas, a sustainable renewable energy form, is at a starting point of market development in Ghana. Due to itseconomic growth and development of the regulatory environment, the Ghanaian renewable energy sector isattractive for foreign companies from the sector interested in investing in Sub-Saharan Africa. As a result of thepresent day energy situation, characterized by grid instabilities and increasing power prices, commercial andindustrial producers from the agricultural industries look for alternative solutions to secure constant energy supplyto avoid production loss and to reduce energy costs. The installation of biogas plants on production sites is one ofthe most attractive solutions. It enables producers to dispose agricultural waste, generate electricity for selfconsumption,use residues as fertilizer and feed-in energetic surpluses to the grid at the same time.
This paper will provide information about frameworks, potentials and business opportunities in the Ghanaianbiogas sector. A gross estimation of biogas potential of different sectors is shown, as well as specific projectopportunities for energy utilization of biogas and landfill gas as representatives are identified. In general, agricultural industries show the greatest potential in biogas in Ghana with a relevant potential due to significant feedstock available for biogas generation, in particular, agro-industrial residues but also animal and agricultural residues. Very little biogas installations are implemented so far compared to the given biogas potentials in the agricultural sector. Most of the biomass remains unused.
Biogas in Ghana Sector Analysis of Potential and Framework Conditions