Publication - SADC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report 2018
SADC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report 2018
Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) & Southern African Development Community (SADC) Centre for Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency (SACREEE)
Geoff Stiles & Charles Murove
With a population of about 341 million that is growing around 2% a year, the SADC region accounted for approximately 33% of sub-Saharan Africa's total population of 1.02 billion in 2017. Three Member States – the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), South Africa and Tanzania – together account for 57% of the region’s population. The gross domestic products (GDPs) of Member States vary widely, from USD 1.4 billion (Seychelles) to USD 294 billion (South Africa), as does GDP per capita, ranging from USD 317 (Malawi) to USD 15,144 (Seychelles), with both overall and per capita GDP declining slightly since 2015. Differences also exist in levels of socio-economic development, as measured by the United Nations Human Development Index: from a low of 0.418 (Mozambique) to a high of .782 (Seychelles). Since 2015 SADC Member State have greatly increased their commitment to renewable energy and energy efficiency, including important innovations in tariffs, increased used of independent power producers (IPPs) to meet growing electricity demand, and new legislation to stimulate mini-grids and distributed renewable energy. South Africa, which has introduced a successful auction system to stimulate development of renewables, has been a leader in this area, but Tanzania and Zambia are also developing feed-in tariffs (FITs) and capacity auctions under the guidance of the GET FiT initiative and the World Bank's Scaling Solar programme, respectively. Namibia is implementing FITs and net metering in the development of its sustainable renewable energy efforts.