|| The Article 7 of the EU Directive on Energy Efficiency (2012) requires that all Member States apply an energy efficiency obligation scheme or alternative policies in order to achieve a certain amount of energy savings over the period 2014-2020. The EC funded ENSPOL project deals with the analysis of such schemes and assists in capacity building in Member States to implement effective and efficiency policies to reach these goals. In this policy brief from ENSPOL, key outcomes of the planned energy efficiency obligation schemes are presented next to recommendations for national policy makers. Due to the variety of such schemes, there are several options for assigning obligations to entities and such decisions should be based on whether entities have relationships with end-users or the necessary infrastructure to deliver energy savings. The most important element though is that an effective stakeholder engagement with all related market parties and consumers must take place, in order to ensure that successive phases of the planned EEO scheme meet the objectives. Finally, policy makers should aim at a fine-tuning of simple procedures for obligated entities with the required complexity to guarantee the additionality, transparency and materiality of energy savings.