Achieving Universal Access to Electricity in Myanmar

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We are on track to results! The first international competitive bidding to supply and install approximately 140,000 solar home systems under the World Bank-supported National Electrification Project is now under implementation.

The second contract is under bid evaluation.

Energy Policy Note

Implementation of the National Electrification Plan

Myanmar National Electrification Project

The Myanmar National Electrification Project (MNEP) will support the expansion of electricity services in Myanmar through grid and off-grid solutions, and will work with all development partners and the private sector in these areas. The proposed project is expected to be the first in a series of WBG operations supporting public private sector investments aiming to help achieve universal access to electricity in Myanmar by 2030.

Technical Workshop on Solar Power and Grid Integration, Nay Pyi Taw (May 25, 2017)

Learning Event on Upscaling Mini-grids for Least Cost and Timely Access to Electricity Services, Nay Pyi Taw (February 6-9, 2017)

Electrifying Myanmar: Challenges and opportunities for national access to electricity (World Bank December 2016)

This report describes key challenges and opportunities for the people of Myanmar to achieve universal access to electricity by 2030. Specifically, the report takes stock of work done in preparation for Myanmar’s 2015–2021 National Electrification Project, including the 2014 National Electrification Plan, in context of lessons from World Bank support to electrification efforts in Southeast Asia and beyond.

The Report can be downloaded here.

Mini-Hydro Training Workshop, Shan State (November 1-4, 2016)

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Workshop on Strategic Communication in the Electricity Sector (November 2, 2016)

Government of Myanmar

World Bank

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National Electrification and Power Sector Development workshop (May 18, 2016)

Opening remarks: Achieving Universal Access to Electricity in Myanmar

Myanmar National Electrification Project

Regulatory Framework and Financial Viability of Electric Power Sector

Electrification, Poverty and Social Protection of Consumers

Role of Development Partners in supporting National Electrification and Power Sector Development in Myanmar

  • Mr. Bui Duy Thanh, Senior Energy Economist, ADB
  • Mr. Kyosuke Inada, Senior Representative, JICA Myanmar Office
  • Ms. Julia Fraser, Energy Practice Manager, The World Bank
  • Mr. Vikram Kumar, Country Manager, IFC
  • Mr. Paul Christen Røhr, Resident Energy Advisor, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE)

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Technical Consultation Workshop (Dec 4, 2015)

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Procurement Workshop with DRD (Nov 24, 2015)

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Procurement Workshop with MOEP (Oct 27, 2015)

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NEP Project Launch Workshop (Oct 21-21, 2015)

First NEP Implementation Workshop
Grand Ball Room, Thingaha Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw 

Oct 21, 2015

Agenda of Day 1

Session #1: Procurement Management

  1. Procurement policy guidelines, processes and procedures 
    Sirirat Sirijaratwong, Procurement Specialist, World Bank
    Myat Kay Khine, Procurement Specialist, World Bank
  2. Procurement plan - Grid component
    U Thura Aung Bo, Deputy Chief Engineer, Head of PMO, MOEP
  3. Procurement plan - Off-grid component
    U Kyaw Swar Aung, Director, Procurement, DRD

Session #2:  Financial Management and Disbursement

  1. Financial Management Process and procedures
    Frederick Yankey
    Daw Nyo Nyo Win, Director( Finance) DRD

Session #3: State/Region Perspectives - Issues, Challenges, and Priorities of Electrification

  1. Presentation for State/Region (Grid and Off- Grid)

Oct 22, 2015

Agenda of Day 2

Session #4: NEP project overview

  1. Overview of Implementation arrangement for National Electrification Project
    Dr.Dejan Ostojic, Lead Energy Specialist, The World Bank
  2. Grid Extension Components of NEP : objectives, scope and implementation arrangement’s
    U Thura Aung Bo, Deputy Chief Engineer, Head of PMO, MOEP
  3. Off-grid Electrification Components of NEP: objectives, scope, and implementation arrangements 
    Dr. Daw Soe Soe Ohn, Head of PMO, DRD

Session #5: Environmental and Social Impact Management

  1. Environmental and Social Safeguards Management Framework and its implementation 
    Frank van Woerden, Lead Environment Engineer, World Bank 
    Warren Mayes, Senior Social Development Specialist, World Bank

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Press Release, Feature Story and Video (Sept 16, 2015)

Press Release: Millions of Poor People in Myanmar to Gain Access to Electricity

Feature Story: Electricity to Transform Rural Myanmar

Video: Access to Electricity Vital for Ending Poverty in Myanmar

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Public Consultations on Draft Safeguards Instruments (May 14-16-18, 2015)

The World Bank is currently working with the Ministry of Electric Power (MOEP) and Department of Rural Development (DRD) of the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development in the preparation of the proposed Myanmar National Electrification Project. MOEP and DRD, with assistance from consultants and the World Bank, have prepared a DRAFT Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) that will guide the application of the relevant World Bank safeguard policies to the project. A Poverty and Social Impact Assessment (PSIA) has been undertaken to inform the project and the ESMF. 

DRD and MOEP are inviting interested stakeholders to public consultations concerning these draft safeguard instruments as follows: Thursday May 14 in Mandalay; Saturday May 16 in Taunggyi; and Monday May 18 in Yangon.

The draft documents are available in Myanmar and English languages (the Myanmar version of the full Preliminary PSIA to Inform the ESMF will be posted shortly):

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Civil Society Consultative Meeting (Jan 30, 2015)

On January 30, 2015 in Yangon, the WB held a consultative meeting with civil-society organizations to share information on NEP preparation. Approximately 40 people participated including local and international civil-societies, business and media as well as MOEP and DRD PMO staff responsible for safeguards. World Bank Country Manager Mr Abdoulaye Seck made opening remarks, Senior Energy Specialist Dr Xiaoping Wang gave an overview of NEP preparations, and Senior Social Safeguards Specialist Mr Svend Jensby described safeguards requirement.

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Workshop on Off-Grid Electrification in Myanmar (Jan 28-29, 2015)

Grand Ball Room, Thingaha Hotel, Naypyidaw, January 28-29, 2015
The agenda is available here. Please find the presentations below:

Day 1, Jan 28, 2015

Session 1: Field Evaluations of Existing Off-grid Programs in Myanmar
1-1. The role of off-grid electrification in the National Electrification Project (NEP), Dr. Xiaoping Wang, Senior Energy Specialist, the World Bank
1-2. Government Support for Rural Off-grid Electrification, U Khant Zaw, Deputy Chief Engineer, DRD
1-3. Field Evaluations of the Solar Home System Program, Dr. Chris Greacen, World Bank Consultant
1-4. Field Evaluations of the Mini-hydro Program, Mr. Ajith Kumara, World Bank Consultant

Session 2: State of Art Off grid Electrification Technologies and Lessons Learned from Other Countries
2-1. State of Art Solar PV Technologies, Business Models and Markets for Electrification, Mr. Russell Sturm, Head for Clean Energy and Resource Efficiency, International Finance Corporation
2-2. Bangladeshi Solar Program, Mr. Nazmul Hapque, Director (Investment) & Head of Advisory, Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL), Bangladesh
2-3. State of Art Minihydro Technologies for Electrification, Prof. Dr. Arun Kumar, Chair Professor and Chief Scientific Officer, Alternate Hydro Energy Centre, India Institute of Technology Roorkee
2-4. Nepalese Minihydro Program, Mr. Ram Prasad Dhital, Executive Director, Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Nepal

Session 3: Private Sector Participation in Provision of Off-grid Electrification Services
3-1. U Min Paing Oo, Moe Ko San Solar (Hpa An) - Not available for public share
3-2. U Than Zaw, Mana ging Director, Asia Solar - Not available for public share
3-3. U Kyaw Min Tun, Managing Director, SolaRiseSys
3-4. U Kyaw Min, Director, Earth Renewable Energy Company
3-5. U Hnin K ThaYar, Managing Director, T & T Co. Ltd - Not available for public share
3-6. U Aung Myint, General Secretary, REAM
3-7. U Khun Aung Myo, Shan State
3-8. U Sai Htun La, Owner, Sai Htun Hla & Brothers Company; Founder, Hydro Power Cooperative Limited, Shan State
3-9. U Zaw Min, Shan State
3-10. U Ye Neing, Kyaing Tone Power Company, Kyi Thein & Family Company, and Aye Thar Electrical Factory, Shan state
3-11. U Khin Myn Mung, Chaiman, FNDP (Pvt) Ltd, Falam, Chin state - Not available for public share
3-12. U Soe Tint Aung, bio-gassifier private practitioner
3-13. U Hla Tun from Myint Mo Yadanar Mini-hydro Company - Not available for public share

Day 2, Jan 29, 2015

Session 5: What, How, How Much and By Whom for Myanmar
5-1. Issues and options for scaling up off-grid solar, Dr. Chris Greacen, World Bank Consultant
5-2. Issues and options for scaling up off-grid solar, Mr. Ajith Kumara, World Bank Consultant
5-3. Breakout sessions with facilitators and translators

Session 6: Development Partners’ Initiatives Supporting Off-grid Electrification
6-1. JICA, Mr. Yoshifumi Tokushige
6-2. ADB, Choon-Sik Jung, Senior Energy Specialist
6-3. KfW Development Bank, (A) Ms. Carolyn Neufeld, Principal Project Manager, Energy Asia, (B) Niraj Subedi, Energy Sector Specialist, Nepal Office
6-4. International Finance Corporation (IFC) Mr. Russell Sturm, Head for Clean Energy and Resource Efficiency
6-5. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) Mr. Hongpeng Liu, Chief of Energy Security and Water Resources Section

Consultants' Reports

1. Report of Off-Grid Hydro Power Assessment of Myanmar

2. DRD Solar Home Systems (SHS) in Myanmar Status and Recommendations

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Report on Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (Dec 2014)

December, 2014: Understanding the impact of tariffs and connection costs for the preparation of the National Electrification Plan, Myanmar

The World Bank has been undertaking a Poverty and Social Impact Assessment (PSIA) to inform dialogue with the Government of Myanmar on roll-out of the National Electrification Plan, and to support aspects of both the Myanmar Electric Power Project (MEPP) and National Electrification Project (NEP). Specifically, the PSIA serves to:
(i) inform institutional capacity building measures and technical assistance during implementation of both projects, in 2015 and beyond, including discussions on tariff setting under MEPP; and
(ii) inform the NEP design and Environment and Social Management Framework per World Bank safeguards policies.

The PSIA Phase I report was finalized in December 2014. This includes information on overall understanding of barriers to electricity access (in rural and urban areas and for poor and marginalized households in particular), uses of electricity, quality of service and affordability of new tariffs of April 2014. It also includes an overview of the self-reliant electrification (SRE) approach and roles and functions of the Electricity Committees at village level.

Please download the report here.

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First Workshop (Nov 4-5, 2014)

The Government of Myanmar and World Bank Group (WBG) held two technical workshops on November 4-5, 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw as part of ongoing support for national electrification. The first workshop (November 4) concerned private sector participation in grid and off-grid electrification. The second workshop (November 5) concerned poverty and social impact assessment (PSIA) and environmental and social safeguards. 71 participants (32 from MOEP and 24 from MLFRD) participated in each workshop, including representatives from all Myanmar states and regions.

Day 1, Nov 4, 2014

Private Sector Participation WBG will help the Government of Myanmar develop a request for expressions of interest (EOI) from the private sector to participate in the NEP. Pending responses to the request, MOEP and WBG will hold a workshop with interested private sector participants in January 2015.
1. PSP for on-grid power
2. PSP for off-grid power

Day 2, Nov 5, 2014

Social and Environmental Issues
1. Poverty and Social Impact Assesment (PSIA): Policies Introduction, PSIA Qualitative Analysis
2. Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF): Poverty and social impacts analysis

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Minigrid approach paper: Role of Minigrid for Electrification in Myanmar

Development of the National Electrification Plan


Myanmar is at an unprecedented juncture to launch a national electrification program for providing reliable, affordable and sustainable electricity services to the entire population of approximately 60 million. The government, international and bilateral organizations, and the private sector all demonstrated their commitment and interest in playing a role in the journey to achieving universal access.
With strong support and commitment from GoM, the World Bank has mobilized a grant of approximately US$2.0 million through the UN Sustainable Energy for ALL Initiative, to support the GoM in developing a National Electrification Plan (NEP).
The NEP is a comprehensive action plan (road map) outlining the enabling policy and institutional framework for developing, financing, and implementing a nationwide electricity access scale-up program with the target of achieving universal access by 2030 in an effective and efficient manner. Specifically the NEP includes, inter alia, a Geospatial Least-cost Electrification Rollout plan for grid and off-grid areas, and a Universal Access Roadmap and Investment Prospectus.
It is the objective of the World Bank/ESMAP-supported National Electrification Plan is to help chart out a path towards achieving universal access that is appropriate in the Myanmar context.
The NEP coordinates with ongoing rural energy access work in off-grid areas being conducted by ADB in collaboration with MOLFRD.

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International Workshops (Mar 2014, Nov - Jun - May, 2013)

Presentation files
1. NEP overview
2. NEP Geospatial Least-Cost Electrification Plan
3. NEP Investment Prospectus‎
4. NEP Institutional Framework

March 20, 2014

Interium Results of the NEP Study
1. NEP Study: Implementation Progress
2.‎ Myanmar Geospatial Least-Cost Electrification Plan
3. Institutional Framework for NEP implementation
4. Universal Access Roadmap and Investment Prospectus

Development Partners' Initiatives Supporting National Electrification
5. Off-grid Electrification: Field Findings
6. Electricity (Power Sector) Master Plan: Update and Implications for Electrification - Not available for public share
7. UNIDO's Support in Energy Access in Myanmar
8. Technology Solutions for Frid and Off-grid Electrification

November 22, 2013

1. Plenary Session: Overview of Study Objective, Design and Expected Outcome
2. Technical Session #1: National Geospatial, Least-Cost Electrification Planning: Vijay EI MMR Geospatial (A)‎, Vijay EI MMR Geospatial (B)
3. Technical Session #2: Universal Access Roadmap and Investment Prospectus
4. Technical Session #3: Institutional Framework and Business Models
5. Summary of Workshop Discussions and Next Steps

June 1, 2013

1. ADB ADB Presentation
2. JICA: JICA Program in the Power Sector - Not available for public share
3. UNDP:UNDP in Myanmar - Not available for public share
4. WB: Questions Reflection

May 31, 2013

1. Global overview – Dejan Ostojic
2. Thailand – Tig Tuntivate
3. India – Sudeshna Ghosh Banerjee
4. Vietnam – Hung Tien Van
5. Thailand Laos and Cambodia – Jie Tang
6. Rwanda – Arun Sanghvi
7. Indonesia – Arun Sanghvi
8. Key Success Factors Across Good Practice NEPs – Arun Sanghvi
9. Electrification Planning and Technology – Xiaoping Wang

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Final Documents: 2014 National Electrification Plan

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Projects by World Bank Group

IFC Energy Access – Lighting Myanmar (Jan 28, 2016)

Energy Access Myanmar - Project Overview

The Energy Access Myanmar project is a key element of the Government of Myanmar’s National Electrification Plan (NEP). This IFC-led private sector market development initiative is complementary to the World Bank-financed $400 million loan supporting the NEP, which aims to double electrification rates in the country through expansion of the national grid and off-grid solutions in remote areas (including solar lanterns, solar home systems, and mini-grids).

IFC is working closely with the GoM, World Bank and other stakeholders to catalyze the growth of the commercial energy market, with two main objectives:

  1. IFC will work with the private sector through Lighting Myanmar, to develop the commercial market for off-grid access to modern energy services. Lighting MMR will support companies to increase commercial sales of quality assured solar products and efficient appliances, and will potentially work with developers to support high-potential business models for mini-grids. IFC is working closely with the World Bank and the GoM to adopt technical standards to ensure quality products are entering the market.
  2. The IFC project will also support grid expansion and improvement in transmission and distribution (T&D) via the World Bank/ IDA-financed grid expansion program. IFC will leverage technical experience supporting T&D system expansion, globally and in Southeast Asia, to support grid expansion for potential future private sector participation.

IFC Workshop Summary – January 28

IFC hosted a workshop for the World Bank, Department of Rural Development and other energy sector stakeholders, as well as international suppliers of high quality solar devices and key local value chain actors in Yangon, on Thursday, January 28th, 2016. The purpose of the workshop was to discuss the findings of IFC’s initial market assessment of the off-grid solar market. This one day event offered companies with quality verified products (e.g., Associates of the Lighting Global program) an opportunity to learn about the landscape of potential local partners, explore the backdrop of government programs, and dive deep with IFC on the local market opportunities. It was also an opportunity for IFC to hear feedback from Associates and local actors on the design of the Lighting Myanmar program, and to meet potential partners for developing the market.

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Myanmar Electric Power Project (MEPP)


The development objective of the Electric Power Project for Myanmar is to increase capacity and efficiency of gas-fired power generation and strengthen the institutional capacity of the Ministry of electric power and the Myanmar electric power enterprise. 

There are two components to the project. 

The first component of the project is supply and installation (S&I) of a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) power plant at the existing Thaton Gas Turbine (GT) station. This is the main component of the project is the expansion of the Thaton GT station into a new CCGT power plant. A modern, high-efficiency, low-emissions CCGT power plant will comprise two 40 Megawatt (MW) gas turbines with inlet air chillers, one steam turbine of 26 (MW), a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and air-cooled steam condenser.

The second component of the project is technical assistance component focused on institutional and capacity building support to Ministry of Electric Power (MOEP) and Myanmar Electricity Power Enterprise (MEPE). This component will provide technical assistance and advisory services to MOEP and MEPE in two main areas.

More information available on the World Bank's website - Projects & Operations.

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Technical Assistance on Liquefied Natural Gas Options for Myanmar Phase 1 (June 16, 2017)

Over 80 percent of Myanmar’s natural gas consumption is for electricity generation.  Gas-based generation is the second largest source of electricity with an operating capacity of 1,100 MW, including 420 MW of temporary rental plants .  The demand for gas in Myanmar is expected to increase from about 400 million cubic feet per day (mcfd) to over 900 mcfd by 2030 as gas demand for electricity, transport and for commercial and industrial applications increases. The additional demand for gas could be displaced by Myanmar importing electricity directly from neighboring countries, and by substantially increasing other power generation such as hydro and other renewables. Some master plans have also suggested coal, although gas would be preferable to coal from a climate perspective. However, gas demand displacement depends on time required for finalizing electricity imports and new power projects.        


By FY2015–2016, Myanmar produced about 1,900 mcfd of natural gas and exported 1,500 mcfd (80 percent of production) under long-term export contracts with China and Thailand. However, Myanmar’s existing gas production is estimated to decline toward 1,000 mcfd by FY2025–2026, and there is no confirmed new production at present. On the other hand, Myanmar is considering to import LNG to make up for the gap in meeting the domestic demand while awaiting the next round of new domestic gas production. 


This LNG study is a follow on technical assistance provided by the World Bank Group on Myanmar natural gas sector, following the study Initial Assessment of the Economic Costs of Natural Gas for Myanmar’s Domestic Market, which was completed in January 2017. The government established a multi-ministerial LNG Committee, led by the managing director of Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise, as counterpart for this LNG study. This study, inter alia: (a) looks at the short- and medium-term natural gas supply options, including swapping gas with neighboring countries and importing LNG; (b) performs pre-feasibility assessment of five potential locations for LNG import, including: (i) Kyauk Phyu, Rakhine State; (ii) Ngayok Bay, Ayeyarwaddy Region; (iii) Kalegauk Island, Mon State; (iv) Gulf of Martaban, Union territory; and (v) Kanbauk, Tanintharyi Region; and (c) provides input for government energy authorities to form a strategy on LNG and to decide on implementing LNG infrastructure. Separately, the study team has provided the LNG Committee information on smaller-scale LNG import options, which could directly supply LNG to Yangon.

Short-term Gas Supply and LNG Import Options for Myanmar (Nov 10, 2016)

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Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Workshop (Oct 23, 2015)

A workshop was held on October 23, 2015 on LNG recent trends and prospects, including a demonstration of simulation tools for analysis of LNG options.

The workshop put a spotlight specifically on the floating LNG import terminal space.

70 representatives attended from Myanmar government agencies, international organizations, and the local and foreign private sectors. The workshop was followed by a demonstration of an LNG-to-power financial model, which was open to about 30 Government representatives.

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Projects by other Development Partners

Other Initiatives

Advancing Mini-Hydropower in Myanmar Towards SE4ALL:  Challenges, Opportunities, and Next Steps (Workshop, July 30, 2015 at Naypyidaw)

Session 1 - Opening (no slides)

Session 2 - Overview of Existing Mini-Hydropower Projects: Status, Progress 
Dr. Soe Soe Ohn, Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries, and Rural Development
Dr. Hla Myo Aung, Department of Research and Innovation, Ministry of Science and Technology
U Zaw Min, Small Hydropower Association of Myanmar

Session 3 - International / SE4ALL Efforts for Mini-Hydropower: Objectives, Partners, Resources, and Timelines
Dr. Xiaoping Wang, World Bank, Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP)
Dr. Kohji Iwakami, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP)
Dr. Hanna Yolanda, ASEAN Rural Energy Support Program (RESP)
Mr. Divyam Nagpal, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

Session 4A - Reliable, Centralized, and Accessible Database for Coordinated Planning
U Tin Myint, Suntac Technologies, Myanmar
Ippei Kitahara, Asia AIR Survey, Japan 
Dr. Marc Muller, University of California, Berkeley

Session 4B - Financing, Standards, and Regulatory Frameworks for Scalability
Dr. Chris Greacen, Independent Policy Consultant
U Ye Naing, Independent Engineering Consultant (no slides)

Session 4C - Institutional Structures and Processes for High-Quality, Scaled Implementation
Oliver Haas, INTEGRATION, Germany

Session 4D - Vehicles for Capacity Development and Knowledge Management
Keith Rabin, KWR International 
Dr. Thi Thi Soe, Department of Research and Innovation (DRI), Ministry of Science and Technology
Patrick Pawletko, Green Empowerment

Session 5 - Closing (no slides)

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World Bank Group Risk Mitigation Solutions for Myanmar’s Infrastructure Projects (Workshop, June 3, 2015 in Naypyidaw)

The World Bank Group (WBG) hosted a workshop titled Risk Mitigation Solutions for Myanmar‟s Infrastructure Projects in Nay Pyi Taw on June 3, 2015. Myanmar Ministries of Finance, National Planning and Economic Development, Electric Power, Communications and IT, and Transport presented an overview of their infrastructure development priorities and challenges.

Presentations from the WBG:

Presentations from Government Ministries:

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Information and Data

EITI Initiative

Other publications / articles

Energy in Myanmar

By Tim Dobermann (International Growth Centre, IGC), June, 2016.

Link to the publication: Energy in Myanmar. For a Myanmar-language version, click here

Out of Darkness - Myanmar's Quest to (Em)Power its Citizens

By Keith Rabin and Christina Madden, Oct 1, 2015.

Link to the article: "Out of Darkness - Myanmar's Quest to (Em)Power its Citizens".

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Myanmar’s Path to Electrification - The Role of Distributed Energy Systems

By Rachel Posner Ross, Oct 30, 2015.

Link to the article: "Myanmar’s Path to Electrification - The Role of Distributed Energy Systems".

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The financial and technical support by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and the Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program (ASTAE) is gratefully acknowledged. ESMAP—a global knowledge and technical assistance program administered by the World Bank—assists low- and middle-income countries to increase their know-how and institutional capacity to achieve environmentally sustainable energy solutions for poverty reduction and economic growth. ESMAP is funded by Australia, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the World Bank Group. ASTAE’s mandate is to scale up the use of sustainable energy options in Asia to reduce poverty and protect the environment by promoting renewable energy, energy efficiency, and access to energy. ASTAE is funded by the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

ESMAP Logo.jpg

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