Bioenergy: Implementation and Operation
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Here you find a summary of the chapter of the UN-Energy Bioenergy Decision Support Tool (DST). The complete chapte can be found here.
When developing a bioenergy strategy, one has to consider important aspects:Developing supporting policy framework, linking the strategy to existing/potential programs and organizing the set-up in order to successfully interact with technical, financial and administrative stakeholders.
Resource Ownership: Types and Impacts
Supplying a bioenergy system with feedstock in a reliable and cost effective way is the basic determinant for the success of the project. In this context, the definition of resource ownership and property rights is very important as well as the implementations of appropriate institutions. In this section, various types of ownership schemes are reviewed. The significance of resource ownership is being examined. The resulting implications in terms of the distribution of socio-economic costs and benefits are discussed.
Small-Scale Schemes: Opportunities and Risks
Constructing and implementing small-scale bioenergy systems that will suffice local needs and reduce poverty as well as contribute to food security, is a complex challenge. It usually follows a certain pattern and takes time. Therefore, bioenergy can be particularly important for rural development if planned appropriately and inclusively. Bioenergy as a form of rural, off-grid energy should be part of a broader rural development approach if it is to have positive and sustainable impacts on the rural poor. This section examines small-scale bioenergy schemes and how risks and rewards can be changed to betimes vulnerable communities by institutional arrangements
Devising an Implementation Strategy
An implementation strategy deals with how the goals of an overall bioenergy strategy (the objectives and the key bioenergy options) will be achieved and how one can pursue these options. In order to successfully develop such an implementation strategy, it is important to involve different branches of government and various agencies responsible for policy and regulatory issues in relevant sectors, such as agriculture, finance, energy, environment, and industrial development. In this section, important pieces critical for devising an implementation strategy and various implementation components will be examined and discussed.
Establishing Legal and Regulatory Frameworks
In order for national frameworks to be complementary to the bioenergy strategy after legislation has been developed, there are some key questions and aspects that need to be addressed. In this section, those aspects (for example legal arrangements, institutional frameworks and legislative measures) are reviewed.
Trough formal institutions, government policies, business practices and infrastructure, effective policies and programs are developed. Nevertheless, these factors can hinder or facilitate the design and the implementation of the bioenergy strategy. As with any energy and environmental activity, Bioenergy programs serve various purposes: They might address multiple aspects of efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability in implementing a bioenergy strategy.
Integrating with Energy and Resource Baselines
Implementing a bioenergy strategy in relation to overall energy policies and the sector supply as well as the demand options and scenarios that support those policies is important for the strategy to be realistic and cost-effective. In turn, the energy options and scenarios depend on some reference system consisting of multiple baseline assumptions and estimates which themselves form a set. In this section, different types of baselines are discussed. Afterwards, a review of data requirements, bioenergy applications and the process of baseline development is executed.
Monitoring, Measurement, Reporting and Evaluation
Monitoring, Measurement, Reporting and Evaluation (MMRE) can contribute to the fit of national policies and national objectives and to the effective delivery of public policies. MMRE help governments to track the progress of policies and that promises are being delivered to stakeholders. In this section, it is analyzed whether or not MMRE systems can deliver reliable feedback mechanisms meeting sometimes changing national bioenergy objectives against the background of a dynamic and evolving nature of bioenergy.