Botswana Energy Situation

From energypedia

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22.0000° S, 24.0000° E

Total Area (km²): It includes a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.


Population: It is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin.

2,630,296 (2022)

Rural Population (% of total population): It refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

28 (2022)

GDP (current US$): It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.

20,355,541,963 (2022)

GDP Per Capita (current US$): It is gross domestic product divided by midyear population

7,738.88 (2022)

Access to Electricity (% of population): It is the percentage of population with access to electricity.

73.73 (2021)

Energy Imports Net (% of energy use): It is estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

44.50 (2014)

Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption (% of total): It comprises coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products.

74.69 (2014)

Source: World Bank


Botswana is a country in Africa's Southern Africa region with a land area of 566,700 square kilometers. It is home to approximately 2.6 million people. According to Statistics Botswana, Botswana's nominal GDP per capita in 2021 was P72 billion, with a real GDP per capita of P77 billion.

Energy Situation

Find relevant data on energy production, total primary energy supply, electricity consumption and CO2 emissions for Botswana on the IEA homepage.

Find relevant information for Botswana on energy access (access to electricity, access to clean cooking, renewable energy and energy efficiency) on the TrackingSDG7 Botswana Page. (Sustainable Development Goal indicators 7.1 energy access, 7.2 on renewable energy and 7.3 on energy efficiency).

Find a summarized energy profiles for Botswana (Atlas of Africa Energy Sources).

Renewable Energy


Fossil Fuels

Key Problems of the Energy Sector

Policy Framework, Laws and Regulations

Institutional Set up in the Energy Sector

Other Key Actors / Activities of Donors, Implementing Agencies, Civil Society Organisations

Further Information

Find relevant documents and data sets for Botswana in the Power for all PEAK homepage.