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EcoMobility is an environmentally friendly and socially inclusive way of transportation, including cycling, wheeling, walking and the use of public transportation, with special focus on intermodality.

Characteristics of EcoMobility


  1. integrates environmentally sustainable forms of mobility.
  2. combines non-motorized means of transport with the use of public transport.
  3. allows everybody to move in their local environment.
  4. reduces the use of privately owned motorized vehicles.

Non-motorized transport includes:

  • walking
  • cycling
  • wheeling (wheelchairs, non-motorized scooters, walking aids, skates, push scooters, trailer, hand carts, shopping carts/ trolleys, carrying aids)

Public transport includes:

  • buses
  • trams
  • subways
  • light rail
  • trains
  • ferries
  • collective taxis
  • taxis (if low-emission)


Four main actors involved in the mobility sector have been identified[2]:

  1. Governmental organizations and political institutions since they set the ground rules and incentives for other stakeholders.
  2. Businesses and public or private operators who provide technological solutions and transport services.
  3. Experts’ organizations and academic institutions influence other involved actors, like governments, by raising attention for certain topics.
  4. Users or “consumers” of mobility are crucial since they determine the success of decisions and programs by choosing how to move.

Mutual Relationship Between Mobility and Socio-Economics

The relationship between mobility and social-economic conditions is a mutual one. On the one hand, the transport infrastructure influences the social-economic development of a region or state. For example, the lack of a proper transportation ways will slow down economic growth. On the other hand, the socio-economic characteristics of a territory or household also influences transport choices and mobility behavior. The main variables affecting mobility choices are gender, age, marital status and household composition, income and profession[3].

Further Information