EcoMobility is an environmentally friendly and socially inclusive way of transportation, including cycling, wheeling, walking and the use of public transportation, with special focus on intermodality.
Characteristics of EcoMobility
- integrates environmentally sustainable forms of mobility.
- combines non-motorized means of transport with the use of public transport.
- allows everybody to move in their local environment.
- reduces the use of privately owned motorized vehicles.
Non-motorized transport includes:
- wheeling (wheelchairs, non-motorized scooters, walking aids, skates, push scooters, trailer, hand carts, shopping carts/ trolleys, carrying aids)
Public transport includes:
- light rail
- collective taxis
- taxis (if low-emission)
Four main actors involved in the mobility sector have been identified:
- Governmental organizations and political institutions since they set the ground rules and incentives for other stakeholders.
- Businesses and public or private operators who provide technological solutions and transport services.
- Experts’ organizations and academic institutions influence other involved actors, like governments, by raising attention for certain topics.
- Users or “consumers” of mobility are crucial since they determine the success of decisions and programs by choosing how to move.
Mutual Relationship Between Mobility and Socio-Economics
The relationship between mobility and social-economic conditions is a mutual one. On the one hand, the transport infrastructure influences the social-economic development of a region or state. For example, the lack of a proper transportation ways will slow down economic growth. On the other hand, the socio-economic characteristics of a territory or household also influences transport choices and mobility behavior. The main variables affecting mobility choices are gender, age, marital status and household composition, income and profession.
- ↑ Global Alliance for EcoMobility: Fact sheet 1.1 - What Is EcoMobility? (retrieved 26.06.2012)
- ↑ Global Alliance for EcoMobility: Fact sheet 1.2 - Main Actors on the EcoMobility Scene (retrieved 26.06.2012)
- ↑ Global Alliance for EcoMobility: Fact sheet 1.3 - The Socio-Economics of EcoMobility (retrieved 26.06.2012)