|| For the millions of people who don’t currently have access to electricity, the old assumption that they will have to wait for grid extensions is being turned on its head by new technological possibilities. Mobile payment infrastructure, customer-driven affordable payment systems and new entrant business models are all playing a part in a new bottom-up energy access that can complement the traditional top-down planning of national grid extensions.
In this report, we discuss these developments and look at what it will take for them to mushroom and fill the gaps in grid infrastructure. We look at the types of initiatives that are taking root, their strengths and weaknesses and the support they
need to receive from national energy policies if they are to continue to flourish. We conclude by suggesting that a more integrated approach to energy policy could accelerate progress towards electricity for all.