Fuel Prices Brazil

From energypedia

Part of: GIZ International Fuel Price database
Brazil Energy Situation

Fuel Pricing Policies

Local Currency: BRL
Exchange Rate: 1.73


Last Update:

"Pricing policy: Prices were deregulated by law in Jan 2002, but in practice the national oil company, Petrobras, has frozen ex-refinery prices for years on end, with mounting losses. The national average producer price of pure gasoline were kept within a narrow band of R$1.51−1.55/liter between Sep 2005 and Jan 2013, that of diesel within R$1.33−1.37 between Aug 2009 and Jul 2012, and that of LPG sold in 13-kg cylinders has been kept within R$1.03−1.05 per kg since Nov 2003 (with higher prices earlier). Ex-refinery twice in 2012, and in Jan and Feb 2013. Government adjusts a tax on gasoline and diesel contributing to intervention in the economic domain, called CIDE (Contribuição e Intervenção no Domínio Econômico), to further stabilize retail prices. A negative CIDE tax was levied on LPG until Apr 2002. Monthly average retail prices of diesel (averaged across the country) and FOB benchmark prices relevant to Brazil since 2007 are shown below. The plot shows significant price smoothing.

Consequences of pricing policy: Petrobras’ refining, transportation, and marketing division lost US$8.5 billion in 2011 and US$17.5 billion in 2012. The recent decline in the company’s financial performance, including its first quarterly loss in 13 years posted in August 2012, has been blamed in large part on low domestic fuel prices. Cuts in CIDE in recent years have cost hundreds of millions of dollars.

Social protection: In Apr 2002, the LPG subsidy was eliminated and replaced with assistance to enable the poor to use LPG through LPG vouchers in Bolsa Familia, government’s social welfare program.

Information: Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis (ANP, National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels) posts detailed historical and current information on prices on its Web site. Information posted includes weekly surveys of retail prices of gasoline, diesel, and LPG and marketing margins. In May 2004, the survey coverage was expanded to a total of 555 locations. ANP also issues annual reports on global and domestic prices."

(Source: Kojima, Masami. (2013, forthcoming). “Petroleum product pricing and complementary policies:Experience of 65 developing countries since 2009.” Washington DC: World Bank.)

Fuel Prices and Trends

Gasoline 95 Octane Diesel
in USD*

in Local Currency

* benchmark lines: green=US price; grey=price in Spain; red=price of Crude Oil

Fuel Price Composition

Price composition for one litre of Gasoline 95 Octane as of 2010/11/01.

GIZ IFP2012 Brazil1.png
GIZ IFP2012 Brazil2.png

Source: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/dinheiro/ult91u438347.shtml

At a Glance

Transparency of
Price Composition
Transparency of Pricing
Mechanism / Monitoring
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Sources to the Public

Type of Information Web-Link / Source
Other Information http://www.petrobras.com.br (Petrobras)
Other Information http://uneprisoe.org/Pricing/FuelPricingPolicies.pdf
Other Information http://www.anp.gov.br (National Petroleum Agency of Brazil)
Other Information http://www.mme.gov.br (Ministry of Mines and Energy)
Pump prices and margins http://www.anp.gov.br/preco/
Pump prices and margins http://www.precodoscombustiveis.com.br/


Please find more information on GIZ International Fuel Price Database and http://www.giz.de/fuelprices

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