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Indicator Rural Electrification and Stoves

From energypedia

Overview

Two lists are presented: The list for programmes or projects promoting rural electrification (RE) and the list for those projects promoting the access to improved cooking stoves (ICS).

Those programmes dealing with both aspects may combine the two lists.


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Indicator for Rural Electrification (RE)

The observation fields of expected impacts are supplemented with indicators and sub-indicators (“What to measure”) that represent options for possible choices to be made by the project. Recommended observation fields as a minimum selection of essential impacts to be observed are coloured in orange. For the RE projects essential sub-indicators are marked in blue.

The Indicators are structured according to the respective beneficiaries, who are represented by the following four groups: Households (HH), Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE), Social Infrastructure (SI), and Stove Producers (SP).



Essential Indicator (RE)

(if a single indicator can not be applied, an alternative indicator from the same observation field has to be chosen)



Essential Observation field (Stoves)

(any of the given indicators may be applied; the project may also define its own indicator for this observation field)


Beneficiaries: Household (HH)

Observation field

MDG relevance

Indicator

What to measure

How to measure


Additional income generating activities

MDG 1

Homebusiness activity

Number and percentage of households using electricity for productive purposes

  • in the form of lighting only
  • in terms of electrical machines and appliances
  • in terms of electrical machines, appliances and lighting

short and profound HH survey


  • Number of newly created businesses
  • Number of closed down businesses

short and profound HH survey


  • User’s perception of opportunities for homebusiness activities in general and related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Additional productive activities (income generating activities, agriculture etc.)

  • Use of saved time on productive activities (if applicable)

Short and profound HH survey and/ or qualitative HH appraisal


Additional income from productive activities

MDG 1

Income from home­business activities

  • Average monthly net income from productive use of electricity

profound HH survey


  • User’s perception of income situation
  • Contributions (household/community) made to local churches, mosques, temples

Profound qualitative HH appraisal


Improved living conditions for households

MDG 1

Quantity and quality of food available, of cloths, housing, health services…etc

  • Households’ use of saved money (if applicable)
  • Household’s use of additional income in terms of acquisition of new assets, contributions and remittances
  • Household’s perception of expenditure priorities

Short and profound HH survey and/ or qualitative HH appraisal


More food avail­able and addi­tional income generating activities

MDG 1

Agricultural activity

  • Number and percentage of farmers

- using electric irrigation pumps

- processing their crops

short and profound HH survey


  • Annual agricultural yields
  • Share of harvest that is processed
  • Annual income from non-processed and processed crops

profound HH survey


  • Farmer’s perception regarding agricultural production and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Savings in energy expenses

MDG 1

Energy expenditures

  • Average total household expenditures on energy (liquid fuels, wood fuels, batteries, electricity, dung) per month
  • Share of energy expenditures in total household expenditures

short and profound HH survey and official statistics


  • Broken electrical devices and respective expenditures last year

short and profound HH survey


  • Household’s perception of impact of electricity/ ICS use on energy expenditures

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Improved food storage

MDG 1

Penetra­tion of food storage appliances

  • Number and percentage of households owning fridges, freezer for food storage (non-commercial use)

short and profound HH survey


Time savings

MDG 1 + 3

Time spent on firewood collection

  • Relation of firewood collected versus firewood bought
  • Frequency and time spent (daily/) weekly on firewood collection
  • Household members responsible for collecting firewood

short and profound HH survey


  • Women’s perception of workload concerning fuel collection and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Time spent on obtaining lighting fuels

  • Time for obtaining lighting fuels
  • Household member responsible for obtaining lighting fuels

short and profound HH survey


Women’s working time

  • (Women’s) daily working hours and general time use

profound HH survey


  • Women’s perception of working time and general time use and changes related to electricity

profound qualitative HH appraisal


Secured basic energy supply

MDG 1 + 7

Energy balance between demand and supply for cooking energy

  • Availability of fuel wood versus demand

short and profound HH survey and official statistics


Improved learning (reading and studying) conditions of school children

MDG 2 + 3

Studying and reading hours of school children

  • Average time per day used for reading, studying at home and at school of school children by school type (primary, secondary) and gender

short and profound HH survey


  • Average total hours traditional (hurricane lanterns, traditional tin lamps) and modern lighting devices (light bulbs and tubes) are lit per week

short and profound HH survey


  • Parents’ perception of changes in their children’s studying and reading conditions related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Use of time and money gained for school education and learning

  • School enrolment and attendance rates by school type and gender
  • Number of absence days per year (incl. absence reason)

profound HH survey and official statistics,


  • Parents’ perception of changes in their children’s school education

profound qualitative HH appraisal


Studying conditions at school

(if schools targeted by the intervention)

  • Perception of school children/ parents regarding the conditions for studying in their schools and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Improved information and commu­nica­tion opportunities

MDG 2 + 3 + 6

Penetration of information and communication facilities

  • Number and percentage of households owning TV, video, DVD, radio, cell phone, landline phone

short and profound HH survey


  • Household’s perception of information and communication options and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Use of information and communication facilities

  • Household member’s usage pattern of TV, video, DVD, radio, cell phone, landline phone
  • Purpose of use of TV, video, DVD, radio, cell phone, landline phone

profound HH survey


  • Household’s perception of information and communication options and changes related to electricity (also crowded out activities)

profound qualitative HH appraisal


Improved learning conditions of adults, especially women

MDG 3

Women’s attendance in evening courses

  • Share and number of adult household members attending evening courses by gender

short and profound HH survey


  • (Women’s) perception of opportunities for evening education

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Better working and living conditions for women

MDG 3

Quality of livelihood for women

  • Women’s perception of changes in workload and working conditions related to the use of electricity

profound qualitative HH appraisal


Reduction of respiratory and eye diseases

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Incidence of diseases related to smoke

  • Percentage of household members with eye infections and respiratory diseases by gender and age categories

profound HH survey and official statistics


  • Women’s perception of changes in illnesses (respiratory and eye diseases)

profound qualitative HH appraisal


Medical costs for diseases related to smoke

  • Expenditure on treatment of respiratory and eye diseases

profound HH survey or qualitative HH appraisal and official statistics


Cleaner air in the household

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6


  • Average monthly amount of liquid fuels and candles used per household
  • Average total hours hurricane lanterns and traditional tin lamps are lit per week

short and profound HH survey


  • (Women’s) perception regarding indoor air quality and smoke and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Emissions from burning of wood fuel

  • Average monthly amount of wood fuels (firewood, charcoal, sawdust) used per household

short and profound HH survey


Emissions in the kitchen

  • Number and percentage of households which principally use an electric stove for cooking

short and profound HH survey


Biomass energy savings

MDG 7

Use of wood fuels

See “Emissions from burning of wood fuel“

-


Reductions in toxic waste

MDG 7

Use of dry cells

  • Average monthly amount of dry cells used

short and profound HH survey


  • Battery recharging and replacement pattern for Solar Home System (SHS) (if SHS intervention)

short and profound HH survey

SHS

  • Household’s perception of changes related to electricity in terms of the use of battery-run radios and torches

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Improved medical infrastructure

(if targeted by the intervention)

MDG 4 + 5 + 6

Medical service use

  • Percentage of households using medical services (vaccination etc.)

profound HH survey


Health situation

  • Percentage of household members with recurrent diseases by gender and age categories

profound HH survey


Medical quality of service provision

  • Perception of households regarding the quality of health care facilities and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


MDG 5

Maternal health situation

  • Maternal health indicators

profound HH survey


Improved social life in community

-

Social activity in households

  • Perception of social activity in households of the community and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Conditions for communal activities

(if community centers are targeted by the intervention)

  • Perception of public social activity in the community and changes related to electricity

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


  • Household’s perception of the use of social activities/ services, e.g. percentage of households/ Household members that regularly visit a community center

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal


Enhanced safety in community

-

Public lighting

(if public lighting is provided by the intervention)

  • Perception of safety and changes related to public lighting

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal



Beneficiaries: Small and Medium Enterprises (SME)

Observation field

MDG relevance

Indicator

What to measure

How to measure


Additional income generating activities

MDG 1

Business activity

  • Number and types of SMEs in the target area

short and profound SME survey


  • Number and percentage of SMEs that use

- lighting only

- electrical machines and appliances

short and profound SME survey


  • Number and percentage of farming SMEs

-using electric irrigation pumps

- processing their crops

short and profound SME survey


  • Number of registered SME in the target area

profound SME survey


  • Energy using and non-energy using capital stock of SME

profound SME survey


  • Perception of rural entrepreneurs regarding productivity/ income

short and profound qualitative MSE appraisal


  • Working hours at SMEs
  • Closing time in the evening of SMEs

profound SME survey


  • Production of SMEs
  • Income of SMEs

profound SME survey


  • Number of workers employed at SMEs

profound SME survey


Employment

  • Number of SME expanding and new jobs created

profound SME survey


Market integration

  • Perception of market integration of the SME/ concerning the place where the majority of goods produced are consumed

profound SME survey


Productivity impact related to electricity

  • Detailed information on production of SMEs
  • Working hours at SMEs

profound SME survey


Savings in energy expenses

MDG 1

Energy expenditures

  • Average total SME expenditures on energy (liquid fuels, wood fuels, batteries, electricity, dung) per month
  • Share of energy expenditures in total SME expenditures

short and profound SME survey


  • Broken electric devices and respective expenditures last year

short and profound SME survey


Improved food storage

MDG 1

Penetra­tion of food storage appliances

  • Number and percentage of kiosks (/ SME) owning fridges, freezer for food storage (commercial use)

short and profound SME survey


Time savings

MDG 1 + 3

Time spent on firewood collection

  • Relation of firewood collected versus firewood bought
  • Frequency and time spent (daily/) weekly on firewood collection

short and profound SME survey


Biomass energy savings

MDG 7

Use of wood fuels

  • Average monthly amount of wood fuels (firewood, charcoal, sawdust) used per SME

short and profound SME survey


Reductions in toxic waste

MDG 7

Use of dry cells

  • Average monthly amount of dry cells used per SME

short and profound SME survey


  • Battery recharging and replacement pattern for Solar Home System (SHS) (if SHS intervention)

short and profound SME survey

SHS


Beneficiaries: Social Infrastructure (SI)

Observation field

MDG relevance

Indicator

What to measure

How to measure?

Medical Infrastructure

Better service provision

MDG 4 + 5 + 6

Quality of service provision

  • Perception of health staff regarding the quality of rural health facilities and changes related to electricity
  • Effective health situation in the region and its relation to electricity

SI survey

Increased hygiene and safety

MDG 4 + 5 + 6

Use of modern lighting devices

  • Number and percentage of clinics commonly using traditional lighting devices such as hurricane lanterns
  • Number and percentage of clinics commonly using modern lighting devices

SI survey

Use of sterilisation devices

  • Number and percentage of clinics owning (electric) sterilisation devices
SI survey

Increased reliability of cold chain

MDG 4 + 5 + 6

Use of modern cooling devices

  • Number and percentage of clinics using electric fridges, freezers
  • Number and percentage of clinics using kerosene-run fridges, freezers
  • Times per month, cold chain is interrupted for at least five minutes

SI survey




Improved information and commu­nica­tion opportunities

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Penetra­tion of information and communication facilities

  • Number and percentage of clinics using TV, video, DVD, radio, cell phone, landline phone
  • Number and percentage of clinics having internet access

SI survey



Schools (disaggregated by school type, i.e. primary and secondary)

Improved studying conditions of school children

MDG 2

Studying conditions at school

  • Perception of teachers regarding the quality of rural education and changes related to electricity

SI survey


Use of electric teaching aids

  • Number and percentage of schools using electric teaching aids such as projectors, cassette recorders, TVs, video machines
  • Number and percentage of schools having internet access
SI survey

Use of modern lighting devices

  • Number and percentage of schools using electric lighting devices
  • Number and percentage of schools using electric lighting for evening classes
SI survey

Both Medical Infrastructure and Schools

Savings in energy expenses

MDG 1

Energy expenditures

  • Average total expenditures on energy (liquid fuels, wood fuels, batteries, electricity, dung) per month
SI survey
  • Broken electric devices and respective expenditures per year
SI survey

Time savings

MDG 1 + 3

Time spent on firewood collection

  • Relation of firewood collected versus firewood bought
  • Frequency and time spent (daily/) weekly on firewood collection
SI survey

Time spent on cooking

  • Average total daily cooking time
  • Cooking time for main meal
SI survey

Cleaner air in the kitchen

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Emissions from burning of wood fuel

  • Average monthly amount of wood fuels (firewood, charcoal, sawdust) used per SI
SI survey

Emissions in the kitchen

  • Number and percentage of SI which principally use an electric stove for cooking
SI survey

Biomass energy savings

MDG 7

Use of wood fuels

  • See “Emissions from burning of wood fuel“
SI survey

Reductions in toxic waste

MDG 7

Use of dry cells

  • Average monthly amount of dry cells used
SI survey


Indicators and Observation Fields for Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS)

Beneficiaries: Households (HH)

Observation field

MDG relevance

Indicator

What to measure?

How to measure?

Increasing number of ICS adopted by users

MDG 1 + 2 + 3 + 4,5,6 + 7

Number of ICS properly used, maintaned and replaced

  • Number of households using ICS (per type)
  • Percentage of households using ICS according to recommendations
  • Percentage of ICS being maintained regularly
  • Percentage of broken ICS replaced

short and profound HH survey, observation of cooking practice and of condition of ICS

Biomass energy savings

MDG 7

Fuel wood (+ charcoal) consumption at household level

  • Number and percentage of households using Improved Cooking Stoves (by type)
  • Quantity of wood fuel used per head/ stove type per day or week
  • Saving rate
  • Stove utilisation rate

short and profound HH survey and Kitchen Performance Test ; official statistics on use of traditional energy

Preservation of living trees and organic matter

(contributing to either forest protection or land degradation)

MDG 7

Cutting of green wood from forests or open land and use of agricultural residues for land fertilization

  • Amount of fuel wood taken from trees, shrubs and bushes (living plant matter

– from open land versus forests) versus dead plant matter
– for fuel wood and charcoal production

  • Deforestation rate
  • Development of soil fertility and soil fertility management

official statis­tics and/or perception of district agricultural or forestry department and of village committees on management of natural ressources

Climate Protection

MDG 7

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (CO2, NOx, ...)

  • GHG emissions of Improved Cooking Stove (ICS, by type) and traditional stoves
  • Rate of GHG emission reductions by ICS use

laboratory test and official statis­tics

Savings in fuel wood expenses

MDG 1

Expenditures on cooking energy

  • Average total household expenditures on cooking energy per month
  • Share of cooking energy expenditures in total household expenditures
  • Rate of firewood collected and bought
  • Household’s perception of impact of ICS use on energy expenditure

short and profound HH survey and/or short and profound qualitative HH appraisal

Improved living conditions for households

MDG 1

Quantity and quality of food available, of cloths, housing, health services…etc

  • Households’ use of saved money
  • Household’s use of additional income in terms of acquisition of new assets, contributions and remittances
  • Household’s perception of expenditure priorities

Short and profound HH survey and/ or qualitative HH appraisal

Secured basic energy supply

MDG 1 + 7

Energy balance between demand and supply

  • Availability of fuel wood versus demand

short and profound HH survey and official statistics

Time savings

MDG 1 + 3

Time spent on firewood collection

  • Relation of firewood collected versus firewood bought
  • Frequency and time spent (daily/) weekly on firewood collection

short and profound HH survey

Time spend on cooking with ICS

  • Daily cooking time on traditional stoves and on ICS

short and profound HH survey; KP test

Women’s working time

  • (Women’s) daily working hours and general time use

profound HH survey

Additional income from productive activities

MDG 1

Income through additional productive activities (crop production, handycraft, etc)

  • Average income from additional productive activities
  • User’s perception of income situation

profound qualitative HH appraisal

Better working conditions for women and children

MDG 3

Quality of working conditions for women and children

  • Women’s perception of changes in workload and working conditions related to the use of improved cooking technologies

profound qualitative HH appraisal

Improved living conditions for women

MDG 3

Quality of lifelihood for women

  • Perception of women on benefits of time savings, money savings through use of ICS on their living conditions

profound qualitative HH appraisal

Clean air in the kitchen

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Smoke emissions in the kitchen

  • Women’s perception regarding indoor air quality and smoke and changes related to ICS use
  • Concentration of CO and PM (PM 2.5 and PM 10) in the kitchen

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal;

IAP test

Reduction of respiratory and eye diseases

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Incidence of diseases related to smoke

  • Percentage of household members with respiratory and eye diseases bbby gender and age categories
  • Women’s perception of changes in illnesses (respiratory and eye diseases)

profound HH survey or qualitative HH appraisal and official statistics


Medical costs for diseases related to smoke

  • Expenditure on treatment of respiratory and eye diseases

profound HH survey or qualitative HH appraisal and official statistics

Safety in the kitchen

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Number of accidents and burns caused by open fire cooking

  • (User’s perception of changes in) number of accidents and burns in the kitchen

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal and hospital data; profound HH survey

Hygene in the kitchen

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Kitchen cleanness

  • Women’s perception of cleanliness in the kitchen compared to observations of cleanness in living rooms

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal

Modernisation of kitchen

MDG 3

Kitchen appearance

  • Women’s perception of changes in their kitchen through use of improved cooking stoves

observations and short and profound qualitative HH appraisal

Health improvement for HIV/Aids affected people

MDG 6

Living conditions of HIV/Aids affected people

  • Perception of changes in health of HIV/AIDS affected people related to the use of ICS

short and profound qualitative HH appraisal

Better education for children

MDG 2 + 3

Use of time gained for learning (children, particularly girls) and of money saved for payment of school education (parents)

  • School enrolment and attendance rates by school type and gender
  • Number of absence days per year (incl. absence reason)
  • Use of gained time (through ICS) by girls for studying
  • Use of saved money (through ICS) for own children’s school education
  • Parent’s perception of changes in their children’s school education

profound HH survey and official statistics, profound qualitative HH appraisal

Economic independence from family

MDG 1 + 3

Realisation of own projects with the money saved through ICS use

  • Women’s perception of economic independence from parents or husbands due to increased own economic activities

Profound qualitative HH appraisal and key informant interview

Access to leading positions in the community and to decision making

MDG 3

Women participation in community decision making and occupying leading positions in commu­nity committees

  • Women’s perception on evolution of women’s participation in community activities, decision making and leadership positions due to increased time available through ICS

profound qualitative HH appraisal and key informant interviews


Beneficiaries: Stove Producers (SP)

Observation field

MDG- relevance

Indicator

What to measure

How to measure

Improved living conditions for stove producers

MDG 1

Quantity and quality of food available, of cloths, housing, health services… etc

  • Use of income earned through stove production

producer survey and/or qualitative appraisal

Increased income generation for stove producers (builders, installers, constructors, dealers and marketing groups)

MDG 1 + 3

Income for male and female stove producers

  • Average monthly/ seasonal/ yearly income from stove production, installation and trading, disaggregated for men and women

producer survey and calculation from sales figures and benefit per stove and per man/ woman

Creation of jobs and MSEs in stove business

MDG 1 + 3

New jobs for men and women in the stove business

  • Number of individual producers expanding and number of jobs in MSEs

producer survey and follow up of people trained

  • Number and percentage of women in small, medium and big stove business

producer survey

Creation of jobs and MSEs in other fields

MDG 1 + 3

New jobs for men and women created in other fields due to the increased occupation of stove producers

  • Perception of people in stove business on employment of additional labour for agriculture, household work etc.

producer survey and/or qualitative appraisal

Economic inde­pendence from family

MDG 1 + 3

Realisation of own projects by youth and women

  • Perception of young and/ or female stove producers on economic independence from family gained through ICS production

producer survey and/or qualitative appraisal

Access to leading positions and participation in decision making processes

MDG 3

Number of women in leading positions in MSEs, producer associations and participating in decision making processes

  • Perception of people in stove business, disaggregated for men and women

qualitative appraisal

  • Degree of Genderisation in stove dealers associations

Organisational diagnostic, producer survey, qualitative appraisal


Beneficiaries: Social Institutions (SI) - Schools

Observation field

MDG relevance

Indicator

What to measure?

How to measure?

Increasing number of Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) adopted by Social Institutions

MDG 1 + 2 + 3 + 4, 5, 6 + 7

Number of ICS properly used, maintained and replaced

  • Number of SI using ICS (per type)
  • Percentage of SI using ICS according to recommendations
  • Percentage of ICS being maintained regularly
  • Percentage of broken ICS replaced

SI survey, observation of cooking practice and of condition of ICS

Biomass energy savings

MDG 7

Use of wood fuels in Social Institutions

  • Number and percentage of SI using Improved Cooking Stoves (by type)
  • Quantity of wood fuel used per stove type per day or week
  • Saving rate
  • Stove utilisation rate
  • Percentage of mud stoves maintained regularly
  • Percentage of worn out stoves and parts replaced

SI survey and 24 hours cooking test in the SI; official statistics on use of traditional energy

Preservation of living trees

(contributing to either forest protection or land degradation)

MDG 7

Cutting of green wood from forests or open land and use of agricultural residues for land fertilization

  • Amount of fuel wood taken from trees, shrubs and bushes (living plant matter

– from open land versus forests) versus dead plant matter
– for fuel wood and charcoal production

  • Deforestation rate
  • Development of soil fertility and soil fertility management

official statis­tics and/ or perception of district agricultural or forestry department and of village committees for the management of natural ressources

Savings in fuel wood expenses

MDG 1

Expenditures on cooking energy

  • Average total expenditures on wood fuels per month
  • Rate of firewood collected and bought

SI survey

Secured basic energy supply

MDG 1 + 7

Energy balance between demand and supply

  • Availability of fuel wood versus demand

SI survey and official statistics

Time savings

MDG 1 + 3

Time spend on firewood collection

  • Relation of firewood collected versus firewood bought
  • Frequency and time spent (daily/) weekly on firewood collection

SI survey

Time spend on cooking

  • Average total daily cooking time on ICS and traditional stoves

SI survey

Cleaner air in the kitchen

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Smoke emissions in the kitchen

  • Perception of cooks regarding indoor air quality and smoke
  • Concentration of CO and PM (PM2.5 and PM10) in the kitchen

SI survey, short and profound qualitative SI appraisal;

IAP test

Reduction of respiratory and eye diseases

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Incidence of diseases related to smoke

  • Percentage of SI cooks with eye infections and respiratory diseases
  • Cook’s perception of changes in illnesses (respiratory and eye diseases)

SI survey, qualitative appraisal and official statistics

Medical costs for diseases related to smoke

  • Expenditure on treatment of respiratory and eye diseases

SI survey, qualitative SI appraisal, official statistics


Beneficiaries: Productive Stove Users (PU) - Restaurants, Beer Breweries, Bakeries

Observation field

MDG relevance

Indicator

What to measure?

How to measure?

Increasing number of Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) adopted by Productive Users

MDG 1 + 2 + 3 + 4, 5, 6 + 7

Number of ICS properly used, maintained and replaced

  • Number of PU using ICS (per type)
  • Percentage of PU using ICS according to recommendations
  • Percentage of ICS being maintained regularly
  • Percentage of broken ICS replaced

PU survey, observation of cooking practice and of condition of ICS

Biomass energy savings

MDG 7

Use of wood fuels in restaurants, breweries and bakeries

  • Number and percentage of PU using ICS (by type)
  • Quantity of wood fuel used per stove type per day or week
  • Saving rate
  • Stove utilisation rate

PU survey and Kitchen Performing test in the PU; official statistics on use of traditional energy

Preservation of living trees

(contributing to either forest protection or land degradation)

MDG 7

Cutting of green wood from forests or open land

  • Amount of fuel wood taken from trees, shrubs and bushes (living plant matter

– from open land versus forests) versus dead plant matter
– for fuel wood and charcoal production

  • Deforestation rate

official statis­tics and/ or perception of district agricultural or forestry department

Savings in fuel wood expenses

MDG 1

Expenditure on cooking energy

  • Rate of firewood collected and bought
  • Average total expenditures for cooking energy per month

PU survey

Secured basic energy supply

MDG 1 + 7

Energy balance between demand and supply

  • Availability of fuelwood versus demand

PU survey and official statistics

Time savings

MDG 1 + 3

Time spend on firewood collection

  • Relation of firewood collected versus firewood bought
  • Frequency and time spent (daily/) weekly on firewood collection

PU survey

Time spend on cooking

  • Average total daily cooking time

PU survey and KP test

Cleaner air in the kitchen and restaurant

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Smoke emissions in the kitchen

  • Concentration of CO and PM (PM2.5 and PM10) in the kitchen

IAP test

  • Perception of cooks regarding indoor air quality and smoke in the kitchen

PU survey and qualitative appraisal

  • Perception of restaurant owners on indoor air quality in the restaurant

PU survey and qualitative appraisal

Reduction of respiratory and eye diseases

MDG 3 + 4 + 5 + 6

Incidence of diseases related to smoke

  • Percentage of PU cooks with eye infections and respiratory diseases
  • Cook’s perception of changes in illnesses (respiratory and eye diseases)

PU survey and qualitative appraisal

Medical costs for diseases related to smoke

  • Expenditure on treatment of respiratory and eye diseases

PU survey or qualitative appraisal and official statistics

Creation of new jobs

MDG 1

Employment in restaurants, bakeries and breweries

  • Use of saved firewood expenses for investment
  • Number of MSE expanding and new jobs created

PU survey or qualitative appraisal



Further Information


References