Laos Energy Situation

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17.9667° N, 102.6000° E

Total Area (km²): It includes a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.


Population: It is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin.

7,529,475 (2022)

Rural Population (% of total population): It refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

62 (2022)

GDP (current US$): It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.

15,724,383,783 (2022)

GDP Per Capita (current US$): It is gross domestic product divided by midyear population

2,088.38 (2022)

Access to Electricity (% of population): It is the percentage of population with access to electricity.

100.00 (2021)

Energy Imports Net (% of energy use): It is estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

no data

Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption (% of total): It comprises coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products.

no data

Source: World Bank


Loas is a land-locked country in the South Asia. In terms of energy generation from renewable energy sources, 56% of energy comes from hydro, 22% from biogas, 11% from solar and the remaining 11% from biomass. Therefore, hydro is the main source for electricity generation in Loas. In terms of primary energy demand, 80% of the demand is met by renewable energy sources and 20% by non renewable energy sources. The renewable energy sources include biomass (68% of the total demand), hydro (12% of the total demand). The non-renewable energy sources include oil (17% of total demand) and coal (3% of the total demand). [1]

Electricity Situation

The figure below shows the electricity tariff in residential, commercial and industrial sectors. [1]Electricity Tariff in Laos


Energy Situation

Renewable Energy

For information about the cookstove market in Laos , please refer to the publication: The Lao Cookbook - People and Their Stoves.pdf

Fossil Fuels

Key Problems of the Energy Sector

Institutional Set up in the Energy Sector


Being a member of the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) Economic Cooperation, it has a potential to cooperate with its neighbouring countries , especially in power trading. The Electricity Laws (1997) sets the background for public-private partnership model while the Investment Laws (2009) provide necessary financial incentives like import duty free, profit tax exemption and subsidies to attract investments.[1]