Lebanon Energy Situation
33.9000° N, 35.5333° E
Total Area (km²): It includes a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
Population: It is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin.
Rural Population (% of total population): It refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
GDP (current US$): It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
GDP Per Capita (current US$): It is gross domestic product divided by midyear population
Access to Electricity (% of population): It is the percentage of population with access to electricity.
Energy Imports Net (% of energy use): It is estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption (% of total): It comprises coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products.
Key Problems of the Energy Sector
Policy Framework, Laws and Regulations
General Energy Policy, Energy Strategy
Important Laws and Regulations
(Biomass, Renewable Energies, Rural Electrification, Energy Access Strategy etc.)
The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) has published the National Energy Effciency Action Plan (NEEAP) 2011-2015 in February 2012. It presents 14 initiatives to increase energy efficiency across sectors. The initiatives include also the promotion of electricity generation by renewable energies (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, waste to energy etc.). The NEEAP sets out the following targets: the growth rate of electricity consumption across sectors (industry, buildings, government, others & losses) should be reduced by 5% in 2020 compared to the base year 2010. This should result in a reduced energy intensity of 0.42 kWh/$ in 2020 compared to 0.44 in 2010.
Institutional Set-up in the Energy Sector
Activities of Donors and Implementing Agencies
- NEEAP 2011-2015: http://lcecp.org.lb/img/userfiles/file/NEEAP%202012.pdf