|| This study addresses the causes of low rates of electricity connection amongst low income households who have access to electricity. It covers the problems of high connection costs, high costs of house-wiring, and housing failing to meet the standard required. It also addresses the constraints faced by the electricity utilities, including high capital costs and high revenue collection costs. The problems associated with providing electricity to poor households who are a long distance from the electricity supply are not covered in this study.
An overview of the problems was obtained by a literature search and more detailed information was gained by contacting experts and making visits to six developing countries. The report provides an overview of the problems and recommends solutions. The solutions include load limited supplies, prepayment meters, pre-fabricated wiring systems, revised safety standards, credit systems, community involvement and tariff reforms.