| This report aims at feeding into the debate on the post-2020 renewable energy legislative framework by identifying possible pathways towards convergence among Member States’ renewable energy policies by 2030, and qualitatively assessing them. For that purpose, it builds on the previous analysis of policy pathways identified in the “Beyond2020”
For that purpose, it builds on the previous analysis of policy pathways identified in the “Beyond2020” project. This report systemises, adapts and extends those previously identified pathways to the evolving policy and political process in Europe, focusing on those that have been, or are currently part of the recent policy debate.
We identified and analysed five possible pathways for convergence of national RES policies. Three of these are “top-down” processes driven by EU institutions. Additionally, we describe two possible bottom-up convergence pathways driven by voluntary Member State collaboration. Finally, we discuss a ‘reference’ convergence pathway in which there is no dedicated RES support.
In principle, the 2030 EU RES target could be achieved following any of the five RES policy convergence pathways - or combinations of them - identified and assessed in this report; however, the future RES policy landscape, as well as the geographical distribution, technology mix and (distribution of) total costs of RES deployment could vary substantially depending on the pathway followed.
Bottom-up initiatives alone are unlikely to result in full RES policy convergence at EU level. Top-down intervention will most likely be required to move the process forward. The potential policy effectiveness, efficiency, as well as the depth and scope of convergence achieved by means of these top-down interventions will vary depending on the specific pathway followed.
In practice, the future of RES policy in the EU will probably be a combination of (some of) the pathways described in this report. Several options are conceivable, and the upcoming debate following the publication of the ‘winter package’ will be key in determining how that future looks like.