|| At a time of record oil prices and growing concern over global warming, biofuels present a valuable opportunity to reduce dependence on volatile global oil markets, create local economic opportunities in agriculture and industry, and improve the environment. As the thirst for biofuels has expanded, so too has the recognition that not all biofuels are created equal in terms of environmental and social sustainability. Considering the destruction of rainforests and the use of staple food crops like maize for ethanol, impacts on ecosystems and food supplies have grown. This has challenged the overall value of biofuels as a solution to global warming and tight oil supplies. Developing countries like Kenya, with no proven oil reserves but suitable climatic conditions for growing biofuels, could limit the shock of high oil prices by developing its own supply of domestically produced biofuels. Although Kenya has yet to participate in the biofuels boom, it is beginning to lay the groundwork for significant progress in the years to come. This study is intended to support these efforts with an analysis of latest information on agronomy, economics, law and policy, and environmental and social impacts of biofuels in Kenya.