Since the late 1980s, GIZ directed its attention towards a systematic up-scaling of rural electrification through micro-hydro power (MHP) in Indonesia. Since 2006, the GIZ has been implementing the Energizing Development (EnDev) programme in Indonesia.
The EnDev program is split into two complementary components:
- The Green PNPM Micro Hydro Power Technical Support Unit (MHP-TSU) to directly support the access to energy through MHP in rural areas, and
- The Mini Hydro Power Project (MHPP2) as a capacity development component to institutionalize know-how and learning from experiences for a sustainable MHP sector development in Indonesia.
As MHPP2 focuses on consolidating and institutionalizing capacity development for the Indonesian MHP sector, with the objective of further supporting the growth of the MHP sector, while safeguarding the quality and sustainability of MHP schemes. One strategy towards achieving the sustainability of MHP sites is to encourage productive use of energy (PUE).
Generally a productive use of energy (PUE) is described as: agricultural, commercial and industrial activities involving electricity services as direct input to the production of goods or provision of services.
MHPP2 initiated its PUE programme by conducting an initial PUE assessment at selected sites (“Survey of Productive Use Potential at Selected MHP sites in Mamasa and Luwu Utara Districts”, April 2011) and followed-up by compiling a database of PUE options generally applicable to rural MHP sites in Indonesia in March 2012. For the database’s development, PUE was defined as a small-scale activity, using a renewable energy-based electric or thermal energy source for providing a service or adding value to a product in order to sell the product and/or service to a willing market.
The database seeks to provide a list of PUE ideas, grouped according to different categories, with the objective of being able to collect ideas from rural communities and present ideas where appropriate. This is not to encourage a top-down approach towards ready-made inflexible options, but rather provide field facilitators with a store of ideas in the event where communities not only lack information regarding suitable modern appliances for existing income generation activities, but also knowledge about appliances that can kick-start slumbering business opportunities.
In February 2012, MHPP2 compiled a database of PUE options that can be considered within a rural and peri-urban context in Indonesia. The database essentially comprises a list of PUE options (entrepreneurial activities) and a range of criteria which facilitate the searching of PUE option, based on conditions and requirements in the field. As such a user can for instance search for all PUEs with a certain power demand (Watt), or a certain cost range (IDR), or the number of staff required, or a combination thereof. The database is by no means exhaustive and should be regarded as a dynamic tool which requires maintenance.
This explanatory manual serves to complement this database, by providing users an understanding of the criteria used in the database. The database is in Microsoft Access 2010® format and can be obtained from MHPP2.