Publication - Charging up India's Electric Vehicles: Infrastructure Deployment and Power System Integration
Charging up India's Electric Vehicles: Infrastructure Deployment and Power System Integration
European University Institute (EUI), Florence School of Regulation (FSR)
Pradyumna Bhagwat, Samson Hadush, Swetha Ravi Kumar Bhagwat
India has embarked on an ambitious path towards more sustainable mobility by promoting the electrification of its transport sector. The push for electric vehicles is driven by the global agenda established under the Paris Climate Agreement to reduce carbon emissions, and by the national agenda, which includes improvement of air quality in its urban areas, reduction of dependence on oil imports, and encouragement of the local EV manufacturing sector. The country has set a target of 30% electric vehicle sales across all vehicle types by 2030. To achieve this, NITI Aayog, with the support of select central ministries, has been serving as the nodal agency to develop the electric mobility plan for India. Although the e-mobility plan is established at central level, the onus is on the state governments, which have to develop policies and regulatory frameworks to enable the adoption of EVs and the deployment of charging infrastructure in their respective states. India has over 250 million vehicles, and this fleet is dominated by 2-wheelers, accounting for 78% of the total vehicles. Currently, EVs represent a minimal share with approximately 750,000 vehicles. Amongst the different vehicle characteristics, public buses, taxi fleets, 2-wheelers and three-wheelers are expected to be the first adopters of EVs. As the country is at an early stage of EV deployment, public charging infrastructure is still limited....