Publication - Handbook on Climate Information for Farming Communities - What farms need and what is available
than today. Most of this growth will occur in the developing countries. Urbanization will continue to accelerate and about 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). In order to feed a larger, more urban and affluent population, food production (net of food used for bio-fuels) should increase by 70 percent. Annual cereal production would need to rise to about 3 billion tonnes as opposed to the current 2.1 billion tonnes, while annual meat production would need to increase to over 200 million tonnes in order to reach 470 million tonnes.
These population trends will put enormous pressure on the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors to provide food, feed and fibers as well as income, employment and ecosystem services. At the same time, these sectors will also be expected to respond to the challenge of climate change. The challenge is to dramatically increase agricultural production to meet global food security, while maintaining the natural resource base andresponding to climate change through adaptation and mitigation measures.