Publication - NDC Implementation in Mozambique Through Green Investments by Private Sector: a Scoping Study

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NDC Implementation in Mozambique Through Green Investments by Private Sector: a Scoping Study
The African Development Bank
Ozlem Duyan, Boaventura Chongo Cuamba, Rebecca Lamas
Published in
March 2021
"Mozambique is facing a range of climate change related impacts, the most recent and devasting being the Cyclones Idai and Kenneth in 2019, cyclone Chalane in 2020 and cyclone Elois in 2021 , which caused an unprecedented amount of damage. Also, the country is facing security issues, lack of basic infrastructure, corruption issues and heavy debts, among others. All these factors challenge progress towards Sustainable Development. Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris Agreement and Mozambique ratified the Agreement and submitted its first NDCs in 2018. Based on current policy actions and programmes, the country estimates, on a preliminary basis, a total reduction of 76.5 MtCO2eq during the period 2020 to 2030, with 23.0 MtCO2eq achieved by 2024 and 53.4 MtCO2eq from 2025 to 2030. These reductions are estimates with a significant level of uncertainty and will be updated5. To achieve these mitigation targets, Mozambique aims to reduce GHG emissions by identifying and developing low-emission options for energy generation, distribution and transmission. The country also aims to scale-up and implement the National REDD+ strategy, having the agriculture-forestry-land-use (AFOLU) sectors as the largest source of GHG emissions nationally. Considering the waste management sector, Mozambique plans to establish two solid waste landfills. Besides the implementation of a revised strategy for integrated management of urban waste, the country is targeting recovery of methane gas from these landfills. The transport sector is also a significant emissions source. For this reason, national priorities include measures to increase sustainability by integrating improved urban transport solutions including public-mass-transit systems in urban areas. The implementation of the above-mentioned strategies is conditional upon provision of means of implementation such as finance, technology and capacity building. Mozambique plans to increase the awareness, capacity and the level of stakeholder coordination from local to institutional levels as adaptation strategy. At an institutional level, Mozambique will increase its investments in monitoring and research for climate change impacts and strengthen the national mechanisms for early warning. Among other measures, adaptation in AFOLU will require additional investments for food security and nutrition. It will demand increased protection and management of biologically diverse areas and natural resources, and sustainable management of soils to avoid degradation. In the water sector, actions include improvement of the national capacity for integrated water resources management, as well as the construction of climate-resilient water infrastructures. Implementation of adaptation actions is also conditional upon provision of the necessary means of implementation."