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|| Off-Grid Renewable Energy for Climate Action: Pathways for Change
|| Reiner Lemoine Institute (RLI) & the greenwerk
|| Philipp Blechinger, Michel Köhler, Clara Jütte, Sarah Berendes
| Published in:
|| December 2019
|| Achieving universal electrification by 2030 (SDG7) implies the provision of electricity access to more than 1.2 billion people cumulatively, of which the majority characterizes as highly climate vulnerable.
In this global study, we assessed off-grid systems (mini-grids and solar-home-systems) regarding their importance for electrification and climate action. Particularly the impact of off-grid technologies for providing electricity access in 52 target countries with low electrification rates was quantified. Furthermore, market potential, related greenhouse gas (GHG) emission mitigation and the respective socio-economic benefits were analysed.
Based on the findings of our study off-grid renewable energy technology has significant practical and economic merits over grid expansion in most cases.
In addition, off-grid solutions bear significant relevance for climate change mitigation and adaptation, having the potential to reduce GHG emissions, to build resilience towards adverse consequences of climate change on human and environmental systems, and to provide pathways for green growth and development.
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