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|| Ten Country Reports on Ambitious Climate Policy
|| NewClimate Institute and Wuppertal Institute
| Published in:
|| February 2018
|| A new report series by NewClimate Institute and Wuppertal Institute examines climate policies and future mitigation opportunities in ten countries: Colombia, Ethiopia, Georgia, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Marshall Islands, Morocco, Peru, and Viet Nam. The Indonesia and Viet Nam reports are now available online at: www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/topics/climate-energy/ten-country-reports-on-ambitious-climate-policy. The additional countries will follow in the coming months.
The studies provide background information on each country, including emissions and energy use.
They then focus on all relevant areas of mitigation policy: countries' Nationally Determined Contributions to mitigate climate change (NDCs), as pledged in Paris, technical potential for further greenhouse gas mitigation, in particular exit options from coal use, barriers to achieving that potential, and institutional structures relevant for implementing climate policies and actions within the countries. The reports were commissioned by the German Environment Agency (UBA).
First reports - Indonesia and Viet Nam
In both reports, the authors point out possibilities for the countries to reduce their future emissions. Both countries could reduce their future emissions by reducing currently planned capacity increases in fossil fuels in favour of a stronger uptake of renewable energies.
For Indonesia, very large greenhouse gas reductions are possible in the forestry sector, as forest fires and carbon released from peat soils have been the cause for emissions that have at times rivalled those of industrialised countries. However, Indonesia has already begun to take important steps to decrease that footprint through various policy measures.
In Viet Nam, the authors found large mitigation potentials in increasing energy efficiency, as especially electricity demand is projected to rise fourfold until 2030. While the energy sector does not feature prominently in Viet Nam’s current NDC, the country has already started to implement a number of energy efficiency policies which could possibly still be strengthened.
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