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|| The True Cost of Using Traditional Fuels in a Humanitarian Setting. Case Study of the Nyarugusu Refugee Camp, Kigoma Region, Tanzania
|| UNEP DTU Partnership
|| Morgane Rivoal and James Haselip
| Published in:
|| December 2017
|| The aim of this research is to bring an economic rationale to the core of the humanitarian decision making process in examining the specific issue of cooking in the Nyarugusu refugee camp. The current combination of woodfuel and inefficient cookstoves carries many hidden costs resulting
in numerous negative externalities. These costs have been identified and valued using a monetary metric. In conducting this research, we pursued two objectives:
- To calculate the benefit-cost ratio of a Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stove program in the camp.
The business-as-usual scenario entails the use of traditional cookstoves.
- To assess the Willingness-To-Pay (WTP), among the camp’s residents, for LPG.
This second question prompted an ethical and theoretical consideration about asking a WTP question in the context of a refugee camp, where the provision of basic needs is traditionally covered by the UNHCR mandate.
This in turn is related to the debate on the sustainability of the camp, the ‘shared but differentiated’
burden of the refugees, and their inclusion into the country’s economy.
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