Publication - The economic consequences of air pollution policies in Arctic Council countries: A sectoral analysis
This report takes a modeling approach and compares a baseline scenario that reflects current legislation, with sectoral policy scenarios in which the best available techniques (BATs) to reduce emissions, are deployed by sector. In each sectoral scenario, firms and households invest in BATs to reduce the emissions of air pollutants.
The macroeconomic effects of policy action can be considered as GDP neutral (-0.02% concerning the baseline scenario), with costs (-0.26%) and benefits (+0.24%) roughly offsetting each other. The results suggest that substantial benefits from air quality improvements can be obtained when considering emission reductions throughout the economy, and not just in the sectors that are targeted more often, such as industry and transport.Furthermore, the results highlight the need for a country-specific policy package as the current levels of policy stringency, the sectoral contributions, and the need for sectoral investment in new technologies vary by country.