Publication - Towards Sustainable Bio-Economy - Lessons Learned from Case Studies

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Towards Sustainable Bio-Economy - Lessons Learned from Case Studies
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Marta Gomez San Juan, Anne Bogdanski & Olivier Dubois
Published in
May 2019
Bioeconomy activities are not necessarily sustainable. The use of biological resources and the production of biomass for food, feed, fuel and bio-based products can have both positive and negative environmental and socioeconomic impacts. Of paramount concern is that the development of the bioeconomy does not undermine food security, especially in areas with high levels of malnutrition.

In 2015, at the Global Forum for Food and Agriculture (GFFA) meeting in Berlin, 62 ministers of agriculture recommended that FAO coordinate international work on sustainable bioeconomy. The German Ministry for Food and Agriculture (BMEL) has provided support to FAO to assist countries in the development of sustainable bioeconomy strategies and programmes.

To this end, this report offers lessons from 26 case studies of sustainable bioeconomy interventions from around the world and from a range of different sectors. The overall aim of the report is to use these case studies to expand the general understanding of sustainability in the context of the development of the bioeconomy. The report presents an overview of a number of interventions in different sectors; the objectives that these interventions were seeking to achieve; the main actors involved; the context in which they were carried out; the success factors that enabled them to deliver sustainable socioeconomic and environmental benefits; and the lessons learned from this analysis. This document provides policy makers and people working directly in bioeconomy initiatives with examples of the elements that need to be considered when

implementing bioeconomy activities.