Publications and Resources: Resilience in Transport

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Publications and Resources: Resilience in the Transport Sector

The table below provides highlight of the published work in field of resilience in the transport Sector.



Thematic area
/ Keywords



Adaptation of transport to climate change in Europe EEA/2014 Climate change, Transport, Adaptation This report explores the current climate change adaptation practices concerning transport across European countries. It provides an overview on the challenges and states the adaptation action, a review of a number of initiatives in different countries, and conclusions on a potential way forward. The objective of this report is to stimulate discussions among the many different stakeholders concerned with transport adaptation. Read More
Response to Extreme Weather Impacts on Transportation Systems TRB/2014 Disasters, Climate change,Extreme weather conditions The objective of this Synthesis Report is to identify common and recurring themes in state-level responses to extreme weather events that affect transportation in the United States—both operations and infrastructure—and to contribute to the development of a unified, accessible knowledge base for this wide-ranging topic area. Read More
Learning from Megadisasters : Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake World Bank Training/2014 Disasters, Climate change, Transport Development Policies The successes of Japan’s disaster risk management (DRM) system as well as the ways in which that system could be improved are reflected in the lessons drawn from the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and presented in the initial reports from the Learning from Mega-disasters project.
For the transport sector, especially chapters 4,16, and 20 as well as subsequent chapters are of relevance.
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Evaluating Transportation Resilience VTPI/2014 Technical, Transport demand, Climate change Methods are presented to evaluate the flexibility of transportation systems conerning unexpected demands with minimal risk. Read More
National Climate Change Assessment: Transportation Chapter U.S. Global Change Research Program/2014 Climate Change, Adaption, Risk, Financial Risk Climate cange increases the total cost to the U.S. transportation systems and their users. Impacts can be reduced by rerouting, mode change, and a wide range of adaptive actions. Read More
How to Identify MITIGATION Potentials and ADAPTION Requirements of Transport System? Approach to Facilitate Consideration of CLIMATE CHANGE in the Transport Sector T. Schäfer/2013 Mitigation, Adaptation, Transport, Climate Change Within the scope of the Sustainable Hyderabad research project, local impacts of climate change on the urban transport infrastructure are identified to ensure appropriate adaptation and mitigation plans. Secondly, as urban infrastructure contributes to GHG-emissions, fossil-fuel consumption is to be reduced through technical improvements. Thus, a methodology is developed to design an energy-efficient and overall sustainable transport system (Mitigation Planning). Read more
Assessing Public Transportation Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise: A Case Study Application M. Oswald and C. Treat/2013 Public Transport, Climate Change The climate change-caused sea level rise threatens transportation infrastructure. The report identifies vulnerable facilities and develops solutions to adapt planning practices. The focus lies on the Transit Indundation Modeling Method (TIMM) to railway and bus networks in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Read more
Structural resilience of core port infrastructure in a changing climate RMIT University/2013 Climate Change, Resilience, Sea Ports Key port infrastructure elements affected by climate change are identified. The deterioration mechanisms relevant to these structural components are investigated. A software tool quantifies the number of deterioration mechanisms which affect port structures, according to six different climate futures over a 70-year time horizon. Read more
Assessing Transport Network Security in the Face of Climate Change FUTURENET Team/ Jan 2012 Transport, Climate change, Network security FUTURENET is a multi-partner, multi-disciplinary research project, investigating the development of a network resilience assessment methodology. It considers changes in climate in 2050 and assesses their impact on principal transportation modes (road, rail and air). The research project aims at the creation of a generic methodology. The project was completed in April 2013. Read more
Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban System and Vulnerabilities US Deptt of Energy/ 2012 Climate Change, Infrastructure Beyond physical infrastructures, the value of services provided by infrastructures is emphasized. In consequence of disruptions, costs of clean-up, repair, and replacement of affected infrastructures and economic, social, environmental costs and disrupted supply chains could decrease social wellbeing. Read More
Climate Change Risk Assessment for the Transport Sector (CCRA) UK Government / 2012 Infrastructure, Climate change The CCRA gives a national review of climate change risks governed by the Climate Change Act 2008. Read more
Climate change plans and infrastructure in Asian Cities Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities and the Cities Development Initiative for Asia/2012 Climate Change, Infrastructure This regional study of 900 cities gives insight into climate change priorities in urban policies, plans and investments of Asian cities. Read more
Resilient Mobility TRL/2011 General, Infrastructure The Resilient Mobility Initiative promotes policy-making for reliable transport networks, restant to future climate extremes. Read more
Financing the Resilient City ICLEI/2011 Reducing Urban Risk, Financing The white paper by ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) proposes an adaption strategy for urban areas to climate change, focusing on financial requirements. The report calls for mainstreaming planning processes, projcet governance and decision-making in climate change and disaster risk reduction. According to the paper, specialized financial instruments should be developed and local capacity is to be expanded. Read more
The London Climate Change Strategy Greater London Authority/ 2011 Reducing urban risk, infrastructure The key impacts of climate change on the city of London are identifed and recommendations to adapt are given. Read more
Guidelines for Climate Proofing Investment in the Transport Sector: Road Infrastructure Projects Asian Development bank/ 2011 Transport, climate change Project teams are povided with a step-by-step methodological approach to incorporate adaption measures to climate change in the transport sector focusing on road infrastructure. Read more
A stronger more resilient New York New York City/2011 Planning, Climate Change After the tropical storm Sandy, the city of New York strives to strengthen its infrastructure - resilient against extreme weather events . Read more
Building Resilience into Fragile Transportation Network Anna Nagurney/ 2011 Climate Change, Transport, Disaster Recovery This presentation by Anna Nagurney at the 90th annual meeting of TRB in 2011 highlights the importance of building resilience for fragile transportation network. Read more
Adaptation to climate change in the transport sector Klaus Eisenack,; Rebecca Stecker,; Diana Reckien,; Esther Hoffmann/ 2011 Transport, financing, climate change, Extensive literature review elaborates on the adaptation to climate change in the transport sector. It is suggested to employ a broad diversity of actors,incluing transportation service providers, public and private sector actors and private households. Most adaptations require technical, institutional and knowledge inputs. Read more
Decision Making in a changing Climate. Adaption, Challenges and Choices World Resource Institute/ 2010-11 Decision making, Climate change Focusing on public engagement and institutional framework for policymaking, this report aims at strengthening the ability of national governments to adapt effective decisions concerning climate change. Read More
Forecasting transportation infrastructure slope failures in a changing climate UK/2010 Transport, Climate change, Network security The report targets strategies of maintenance and management to make transport networks resilient. Potential changes in transportation modes and frequency of slope failures are forecasted. Read more
Guidance Note on Recovery Infrastructure UNDP, UNISDR, IRP/2010 Infrastructure, Climate Change This document provides cohesive knowledge for disaster recovery planners and policy makers, in the recognition of preventive measures being vital to reducing the more costly efforts of responding to disasters. Case studies illustrate disaster recovery experiences in order to deduct best practice models by placing a menu of options. Read more
Making Transport Resilient. Country Report: Ethiopia. World Bank/2010 Infrastructure, climate change, report This report elaborates on the initiative "Mak-Africa initiative responds to the impact of climate change on road transport. The study is based on four climate scenarios consistent with the scenarios used in the research. Read More
Alternative materials and methods to enhance resistance to climate change, ENR SRO3 report Technical, Road maintenance, Climate change The report focuses on presenting different types of alternative base and sub-base materials potentially reducing the influence of climate change, especally deterioration of road pavement. Read More
Study of water effects on asphalt and porous asphalt, ENR SRO3 report, Technical, Road maintenance, Climate change The report provides an introduction to changes of pavements during climate change through moistured asphalt and increased rainfall. Specifically, mitigation tools of engineers are presented. Solutions include existing technology and climate change predictions. Read more
Climate Change Projections for Variables Affecting Road Networks in Europe, ENR SRO3 report Technical, Road maintenance, Climate change Climate change projections affecting the long-term performance of road networks in Europe are presented. The projections are based on climate simulations by regional climate models showing two plausible future emission scenarios. Read More
Resilient transportation systems in a post-disaster environment. A case study of opportunities realized and missed in the greater new orleans region Gulf Coast Research Center for Evacuation and Transportation Resiliency/ 2010 Post-disaster, report Transportation systems play a crucial role in responding to a region's pre-disaster evacuation and post-disaster recovery. Their ability to perform under adverse conditions in times of disaster depends upon the resiliencey of their fixed and moveable assets as well as their operational procedures before, during and after the event. For New Orleans, Hurricane Katrina was a "game changer"; severely impacting the city's transportation systems. This case study assesses the resilience of individual transportation systems. Read more
Building a Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Transport Sector Asian Development bank/ 2009 Transport, Climate change, Low-carbon Opening remarks by Haruhiko Kuroda, ADB President, at the Transport and Climate Change Seminar on responding to climate change in Asia and the Pacific, Copenhagen, Denmark. Read more
National Infrastructure Protection Plan Partnering to enhance protection and resiliency US Deptt for homeland security/ 2009 Technical, Climate Change, Risk on Transport This report addresses the protection and resiliency of the critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) of the United States. Authorities, roles, and responsibilities of the Department of Homeland Security are presented. and evaluated. Read more
Infrastructure Resilience to Disasters Stephanie E. Chang/ 2009 Infrastructure Resilience The cosequences of recent disasters demonstrate the vulnerability of urban infrastructure in th U.S. Infrastructure failure is often a primary cause of economic and human losses in disasters. Thus, improving the resilience of infrastructure systems in not only a technical problem, but it also has societal dimensions. Read More
State of the art of likely effect of climate change on current roads, ENR SRO3 report Technical, road maintenance, climate change This report shows how the predicted climate change will affect highways. When temperatures rise and precipitation increases, present design theory and construction techniques will have to be amended to accommodate for differences in climate. Read more
A guide to planning resources on transportation and hazards TRB/2009 Planning and Administration, Operations and Safety, Aviation, Public Transit, Rail, Freight Transportation, Marine Transportation, Security TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) and Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) present a framework for the stages of a disaster and identifies related research. Read more
The role of transit in Emergency Evacuation TRB/2008 Planning, Climate Change, Evacuation planning Transportation systems are part of the emergency mangement and evacuation of urban areas. This study provides extensive literature review on emergency transport. Read more
Transit Cooperative Research Programme FTA/2008 Planning, Emergency, Evacuation planning The International Transit Studies Program (ITSP) is part of the Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). ITSP study missions has the following objectives

  • to afford team members the opportunity to expand their network of domestic and international public transport peers,
  • to provide a forum for discussion of global initiatives and lessons learned in public transportation, and
  • to facilitate idea-sharing and the possible import of strategies for application to America’s transportation communities.
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Maintaining Pavements in a Changing Climate TRL/2008 Technical, road maintenance, climate change Recommendations on how to reduce the risks of climate change by ensuring good construction and maintenance practice are given. Various case studies demonstrate the impact of weather on highways. Adaptive techniques tested in the UK and other countries illustrate the proposed measures. Read more
Climate change and London’s transport systems Greater London Authority/2005 Climate vulnerabilities, climate change This report describes some of the actions which will help reduce or eliminate the adverse effects of climate change. The report highlights that early action, especially at the design stage, can require little or no extra cost while ensuring that Londoners can travel comfortably and that infrastructure remains useable throughout its design life. Read more
ARISCC Adaptation of Railway Infrastructure to Climate Change. Final Report of UIC project ARISCC Roland Nolte; Christian Kamburow; Johannes Rupp/2011 Adaption, Climate Change, Railway Infrastructure This publication focuses on an integrated management of weather and climate related natural hazards in a way that keeps and improves railway infrastructure performance and avoids or minimizes damage to railway infrastructure assets. Read more

Preparing a Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP) - A Toolkit (Revised) Institute of Urban Transport (IUT) India, , the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and UNEP DTU Partnership/2014 Smart and Low Carbon Transport Planning The revised toolkit has a clear focus on climate change and sustainable development and takes forward the process of integrating the actions necessary for the transport sector as per the "National Mission on Sustainable Habitat," for which MoUD is the nodal ministry. The toolkit provides a clear guidance for integrating the inclusiveness agenda within the transport planning processes with a strong focus on integration of land use and transport planning bringing the CMP closer to the development plans/master plans of the city. Read More

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