Stove Test Results Ethiopia ECO

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Overiew of The Existing Stoves Test by EnDev Ethiopia

Tests Conducted

Numbers of performance tests have been conducted byEnDev Ethiopia on different stoves. The tests include Water Boiling Test (WBT), Controlled Cooking Test (CCT) as well as Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) monitoring, where as the stoves tested are mirt, tikikil and institutional rocket stoves which are improved stoves GIZ-ECO is now promoting but also traditional stoves such as open fire, traditional metal charcoal stove against which comparisons are done. Stoves which have been under development were also tested.

Stoves Tested

The Stove testing results summary.pdf presents some of the results. Of the many stoves tested, mirt (slim and classic), Tikikil (single- and double-skirt) and institutional rocket stoves (IRS) have been disseminated by ECO in numbers. Institutional mirt, which is basically a cluster of more than one mirt fitted with a chimney, is also beginning to sale. Mirt with integrated chimney is being demanded as a technology and is being considered for dissemination as well. Deluxe Tikikil is provided as alternative to IRS for smaller cooking energy needs of institutions or productive users of the technology (such as restaurants) or households who can afford it.


Injera Baking Stoves

As can be seen from the summary, the saving of mirt stove compared with three stones open fire is 50% [1] [2]based on CCT. However, there is a slight increase in time required (5-7% more) to prepare the same number of injeras.

The gain in fuel saving of mirt (without chimney) is a little compromised when attaching chimney to it (as in mirt with integrated chimney)-again based on CCT this stove has a saving of 42%[3][4]. Clustering mirt stoves into four and attaching one big chimney to them to channel all the smoke out does not seem to have a significant effect on the saving though. Here the saving is seen to be 49%[5]. The chimney seems to have, on the other hand, a positive contribution to reducing the time required to bake the same number of injeras- in both mirt with integrated chimney and institutional mirt there is a gain of 15% and 16.5%, respectively, in time reductions. This is an advantage additional to the smoke removal.

The indoor air pollution contribution of the stoves was also monitored experimentally (i.e. in a simulated kitchen such as when CCT is conducted). Again from the summary it can be seen that mirt has a potential to significantly reduce pollutant levels in the kitchen compared to three stone/open fire- around 90% and 30% respectively for CO and PM were recorded.[6][7]

Cook Stoves (Household and Institutional)

As far as the cook stoves are concerned Tikikil in all its versions (single skirt, double skirt and deluxe) were tested at laboratory level (i.e. WBT). Different sizes of institutional rocket stove (IRS) were also tested similarly. Based on measures of specific fuel consumption for boiling water, the saving against three stones/open fire of Tikikil stove ranges between 47% and 85% depending on the specific Tikikil stove version and the particular phase of the test (i.e. whether it is during high power cold start, high power hot start or simmer/low power phase)[8][9][10]

The results of the tests on IRS are compared against stoves which are tested elsewhere using a different protocol, which should not normally be the case. Nevertheless, it can give a good indication to the stove’s potential. For example thermal efficiencies in the range 26-48% have been recorded depending on the size of the stove and phase of WBT. Generally it looks the bigger the size of the stove the higher its efficiency. Further, a stove was installed in a restaurant kitchen and its performance was qualitatively monitored. Accordingly, saving of around 70% was reported to be obtained[11][12] .