Thailand Energy Situation

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13.7500° N, 100.4833° E

Total Area (km²): It includes a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.


Population: It is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin.

71,697,030 (2022)

Rural Population (% of total population): It refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

47 (2022)

GDP (current US$): It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.

495,423,343,050 (2022)

GDP Per Capita (current US$): It is gross domestic product divided by midyear population

6,909.96 (2022)

Access to Electricity (% of population): It is the percentage of population with access to electricity.

100.00 (2021)

Energy Imports Net (% of energy use): It is estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

41.57 (2014)

Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption (% of total): It comprises coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products.

79.84 (2014)

Source: World Bank

Energy Situation

Although Thailand is 99% electrified, the primary source of energy is domestic and imported natural gas, creating the issue of energy security. Thus, energy diversification should be the prime goal to Thailand to ensure sustainable supply of energy in the country. As of 2012, 45% of primary energy comes from natural gas, 36% comes from oil, 16% comes from coal and 3% comes from hydro. [1] Bioenergy is the dominant renewable energy source in Thailand's end use sectors with 15 TWh generated in 2015 (equal to about 75% of all renewable generation in Thailand)[2]

Electricity Situation

Thailand has different tariffs for the residential, commercial and industrial sectors and is explained in the table below[1]:Electricity Tariff of Thailand

Key Problems of the Energy Sector

Policy Framework, Laws and Regulations

In 2016, 60% of Thailand's energy came from imports. Therefore energy security with low energy price and environmental sustainability are the key priorities for Thailand and is document in the Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint 2015-2036. The Blueprint was drafted in 2015 by merging five major energy plans into one documented. Thailand has also committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20-25% by 2030 and also set a renewable energy target of 30% of total final energy consumption by 2036 it its 2015 Alternative Energy Development Plan. Both the policy promote highly efficient green alternatives in Thailand. [3]

Institutional Set up in the Energy Sector

Further Information