Toolbox Entry: International Review of Residential PV Feed-in Management

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Last edited on 24/11/2022 by Hector Alfaro
(Date format: DD/MM/YYYY)

General Information

ID Number
Main Author
Electric Power Research Institute
Publication Year
Type of Entry
Study Report
Active management of distribution grid
  • Control Solutions
Enabling Distributed Technologies
  • Distributed generation (solar)

Connection Agreement Solutions
  • Technical requirements for connection (grid codes, standards)

Information Exchange
  • Interoperability and communication
  • Cybersecurity
Which of the above categories best describe the material
Active management of distribution grid
Geographical Scope of the Publication


The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) is investigating technological and functional solutions to the challenge of integrating large amounts of distributed, residential-scale photovoltaic (PV) generation. Information is provided on the following five key elements necessary to perform management of PV feed-in: device hardware, communication protocols, network infrastructure, a management system, and interconnection agreements. EPRI conducted interviews with representatives from entities facing similar challenges, including from the United States, Germany, Japan, and parts of Australia outside of the National Electricity Market and South West Interconnected System. The interviews and research revealed similar efforts to AEMO, yet none in widespread use that simultaneously address all three challenges of 1) high PV penetrations, 2) consisting mostly of small, distributed PV systems, and 3) on systems without strong (or any) interconnections to neighboring countries or regions. In considering solutions, a holistic view of PV management that includes more than just feed-in management (e.g. other advanced inverter functionalities and customer control of their net energy output) is likely on the horizon.