Toolbox Entry: Batteries for electric cars: Fact check and need for action

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Last edited on 25/11/2022 by Hector Alfaro
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General Information

ID Number
Main Author
Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI
Publication Year
Type of Entry
Study Report

Enabling Distributed Technologies
  • Electric vehicles

Which of the above categories best describe the material
Enabling distributed technologies


The fact check examines twelve questions along the battery value creation chain from raw material extraction, material/ component manufacture, production of battery cells, modules and packs through their use in the vehicles up to closedloop recycling concepts. Answers to these questions are found by comparing and evaluating relevant studies (meta literature analysis) and articles as well as some of Fraunhofer ISI‘s own scientific analyses.