Capacity Building - Wind Energy

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  • Capacity building aims to enhance the abilities of organisations, institutions and people to tackle development challenges. This implies that donor organizations do not solve development challenges (alone) but rather support their partners while providing trainings, workshops, on-ther-job assistance and advisory services[1].
  • Capacity building is an element of capacity development. The latter is a holistic concept that addresses the development of a coutnries systemic level (e.g. framework conditions, rules, cultural attitudes), organisational and individual levels[2]. Regulary, talking about capacity building refers to the individual level (however, whithin organizations) that shall be enhanced because of class-room and/or on-the job training.

Capacity Building Measures[3]

For instance:

  • knowledge transfer
  • training for local partner
  • energy policy advisory services
  • vocational training
  • on-the-job e.g. feasibility studies, analysis of wind data

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Class-room and on the Job Training: Wind Data Measurements

The first phase of measurment of wind data should be accompanied by training measures for partner/local experts/staff.

Content of the trainings should be (among others):

  • General introduction into wind energy utilization and -technology
  • approach and criteria for site selection
  • methods and instruments for wind data measurement
  • maintenance of measurement equipment and reading of data
  • analysis of wind data

At the end of the training phase, the impacts should be evaluated, e.g. because of an "examination" (test). (cp. also Monitoring)

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Wind measurement <10m

Staff of partners will be introduced into operation and maintenance of the equipment, as well as data collection and analysis.

  • Subsequent to installation and commissioning of the measurement poles, the staff that is responsible for operation, maintenance and data management, will receive introduction according to their work tasks (Training-On-The-Job).

Content of the introduction:

  • Control and, if applicable, error analysis of messearument technology, regular maintenance of the system , documentation of maintenance (log book)
  • Clarification of mode of data transfers of raw data and, likely, data analysis with the local experts

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Wind Measurement > 10m

For wind measurement > 10 m, training content may look as follows:

  • increase of wind speed because of height over ground and calculation
  • analysis of wind data
  • long-term observation and corellation of wind data
  • planning wind park layouts, optimization of different types of plants
  • wind energy yield prediction

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Training Example: Capacity Building Wind Energy[4]

Objective of the training:

  • Introduction in theoretical basics wind energy utilization
  • Introduction wind energy turbine technology
  • Planning wind energy projects
  • Preparation of internation cooperation in the field of wind energy
  • Capacity Building and technology transfer in the field of wind energy

Two Parts:

1. Basic Course "Technology of Wind Power Plants"

2. Advanced Course "Application of Wind Energy"

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Basic Course: Introduction into Technology of Wind Power Plants

Content (2-months):

  • Introduction into RE, environmental impacts on energy use
  • Structure of theChinese energy sector
  • RE sectoranalysis
  • Wind energy physiscs(maximal power coefficient; Betzmaximum; wind potential)
  • Wind measurement and evaluation (anemometer calibration; Weibullparameters, power curve of wind turbines; energy output of a turbine)
  • Wind turbine technology
  • Transport an erection of a wind turbine
  • Rotor design
  • Aerodynamic fundamentals
  • Blade dimension based(Betz, Schmitz)
  • Partial load performance
  • Wind tunnel testing
  • Structural loads
  • Scaling
  • Electrical connection
  • Blade construction and production
  • Dynamic behaviour
  • Controlling (different control systems; pich; stall)
  • Economic analysis (methods, external costs, comparisonnalysis, sensitivity analysis, dynamic energy production costs)
  • Side selection
  • Environmental impacts
  • Social acceptance

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Advanced Course: Application of Wind Energy

Content (3-months course):

  • Structural loads and operational parameters
  • Design and control concepts of wind turbines
  • Planning wind power projects incl. Electrical connection
  • Technical concepts of German wind turbines
  • Company presentations (AN Bonus, DeWnd, Nordex, REPower, GE Wind, Enercon, Vestas)
  • German wind energy market
  • Policy and incentives in Germany
  • Wind measurement and resource assessment
  • Planning wind parks: Siting optimisation, transmission losses, wakeeffects)
  • Wind power in complex terrain(Micro-siting)
  • Resource assessment (flow models, park calculations)
  • Power curve measurements
  • Technical requirements for dataloggers
  • Environmental impacts of wind power project
  • Planning permission procedures and noise measurements
  • From financing to take over–practical aspectsof project planning
  • Stand alones ystems based on wind and hydropower
  • Wind power integration into the electricity supply system and wind integration aspects in China
  • Generator systems
  • Gridconnections and grid effects
  • Results of the German „250 MW wind power programme“
  • Grid-relevant wind turbine characteristics given by manufacturers
  • Hybrid systems with wind power

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Further Information

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  • GTZ/TERNA 2007: Windenergie-Schulung für Kompetenzfeld 4413. Eschborn
  1. cp. e.g. Internationale Politik, Frieden und Entwicklung (n.D.): Glossar: Human Development Index.
  2. cp. e.g. GTZ: Our core competence: Capacity Development., retreived: 07-2011
  3. parts of content from: GTZ (n.D.): ToR - Leistungsbeschreibung Windmessungen und Windpotentialbestimmung (1. Messphase) Anhang A_ToR 1. Messphase. Eschborn
  4. content from InWent/Knecht, Klaus 2005: Capacity Building als Beitrag zur Wirtschaftskooperation mit China im Bereich Windenergie. TERNA-Fachgespräch, 8. März 2005