Development Actors in Mozambique
This chapter presents an overview of the international development organisations that have implemented energy access programmes in Mozambique and those who are planning new initiatives with the central topic of improving energy access and development of the energy sector. The programmes focus on the following energy technologies and energy uses:
- Solar Home Systems (SHS)
- Improved Cookstoves (ICS)
- Productive Use of Energy (PUE)
- On-grid Electrification
To know more about the active energy programmes in Mozambique click here.
GIZ – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit
GIZ is a German development organisation focusing on international cooperation for sustainable development. GIZ has developed over 20 programmes and projects in Mozambique in different sectors including agriculture, health, climate change, and economic development.
GIZ is implementing several energy access programmes in Mozambique:
- Energising Development (EnDev): A multi-donor programme implemented jointly with the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO.nl) which tackles energy poverty with a market-based approach to serve people in Mozambique with sustainable access to modern energy services via grid densification, solar home systems, pico photovoltaic systems and improved cookstoves. For more information visit: https://endev.info/countries/mozambique/
- Green People’s Energy (GBE)”. GBE is an initiative from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (in German: Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung – BMZ) for improving the off-grid energy supply in rural areas in Mozambique and other Sub-Saharan countries through the use of renewable energy technology. For more information visit: https://gruene-buergerenergie.org/en/countries/mozambique/
- GET.invest, a programme that mobilises investment in renwable energy in developing countries to contribute the growth of sustainable energy markets. GET.invest is an instrument of the Global Energy Transformation Programme GET.pro, a multi-donor platform that accelerate the progress towards energy sector transformation. For more information visit: https://www.giz.de/en/worldwide/74170.html
For more information on GIZ‘s projects in Mozambique visit: https://www.giz.de/en/worldwide/320.html
KFW Development Bank
The KfW Development Bank (In German: Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau) is an investment and development bank owned by the Federal Republic of Germany. In the name of the General Federal Government and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), they work together with the public sector of emerging economies to implement development projects. These projects focus on areas, such as fighting poverty, protecting the environment and impulse the economy.
KfW has an office in Maputo, Mozambique and among other projects, it has implemented an electrification supply project for the capital in 2006, a rehabilitation of power supply systems in 2007, transmission line repair projects for local grids in 2010, and the rehabilitation of rural power distribution infrastructure in the Gorongosa district in 2014.
Active projects in 2021 funded by KFW include the Beyond The Grid Fund for Africa (BGFA), which brings energy access to off-grid rural communities, and the The Global Energy Transfer Feed in Tariff Programmme (GET FiT) programme in cooperation with BMZ.
To find out more, visit: https://www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/
AICS – Italian Agency for Development Cooperation
The Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (in Italian: Agenzia Italiana per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo) is a newly established (2016) agency which represents Italian development cooperation for worldwide initiatives. AICS is financing projects in Mozambique for a total value of more than 200 million Euros and is working in partnership with Italian universities and research institutes, as well as international organizations and agencies from the United Nations. AICS has an office in Maputo (AICS Maputo), which coordinates the projects for Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe.
The projects AICS has implemented include mitigation programs for natural disasters, emergency initiatives for the population affected by cyclones, gender equality initiatives, climate change resilience, and an off-grid energy access program called ILUMINA.
To know more about AICS Maputo visit their homepage at: https://maputo.aics.gov.it/
AFD - French Development Agency
The French Development Agency (AFD; in French: Agence Française de Développement) supports programs in developing countries in the areas of climate, biodiversity, peace, education, urban development, health and governance and is committed to support the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
AFD has an office in Maputo and has been supporting the country with loans to state and public companies since 1981. Among the energy related projects from AFD are a project to strengthen the electricity connection between Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa, and a joint project with KfW to rehabilitate two hydroelectric plants in 2018.
Current projects include a programme to improve the vocational training system from Mozambique’s state-owned utility Electricidade de Moçambique (EDM), to be completed in 2022.
For more information on AFD’s projects in Mozambique visit: https://www.afd.fr/en/page-region-pays/mozambique
ENABEL – Development Agency of the Federal Government of Belgium
ENABEL, (formerly BTCCTB – Belgian Technical Cooperation) is a Belgian development agency in charge of implementing and coordinating the Belgian international development policy. Enabel has supported Mozambique with the mission to bring affordable and clean energy to rural communities.
In 2011 Enabel signed a program in Mozambique called the Renewable Energy for Rural Development (RERD 1). As an implementation of this program, Enabel worked together with Mozambique’s Energy Fund (FUNAE) to construct a mini-hydro power plant in the Zambezi province. Since 2018 a second phase of this program called RERD2 supports the goal to reach universal access to electricity in Mozambique by 2030.
For more information on Enabel’s past an ongoing projects visit their information platform at: open.enabel.be
JICA – Japan International Cooperation Agency
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is committed to work on human security and quality growth across the world1. The Agency has an office in Maputo.
From the period of 2016 to 2018, JICA has worked with Electricidade de Moçambique with the creation of Mozambique’s National Power System Development Master Plan for the following 25 years, which includes forecasts of electricity demands, development plan for transmission and distribution network, and the proposal of technical cooperation.2.
Apart from this project, JICA has aided Mozambique with projects on reinforcement and development of emergency power plants and transmission networks3.
For more information on JICA visit their homepage at:
REEEP – Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership
The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) is an international organization based in Austria with the purpose of improve markets for clean energy services in low and middle-income countries. REEEP helps local and national governments develop sustainable business models and improve accessibility and quality of energetic services.
In 2009 REEEP helped Mozambique’s Energy Fund (FUNAE) to develop an off-grid renewable energy tariff-setting tool for different renewable energy technologies. More recent projects include the implementation of Beyond the Grid Fund for Africa, which consists on providing off-grid rural population in Mozambique with affordable clean energy.
For more information about REEEP visit their homepage at: https://www.reeep.org/
SIDA – Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
The Swedish Interntional Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) works for sustainable development and improving living conditions for people living in poverty and oppression. The Agency works on behalf of the Swedish parliament and government. SIDA supports Mozambique in the areas of democracy, gender equality and human rights, inclusive economic development, research cooperation, environment, and climate resilience.
SIDA’s support to Mozambique is defined in the “Strategy for Sweden’s development and cooperation with Mozambique 2015-2020 (extended to 2021).” As stated in the strategy, “Sweden can use its role as an actor in the energy sector to work for policy reforms to promote private investments in renewable energy and reduce the risk of corruption".
For more information on the work of SIDA, visit their homepage at: https://www.sida.se/en
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation is a Dutch non-profit international development organization. They specialize in aiding people in poverty by working with the private sector in local development projects in the agriculture, energy and water, and sanitation and hygiene sectors. The support mechanisms SNV manages are results-based financing, funding, advocacy, stakeholder engagement, among others.
Up to 2019 SNV has been present in 25 countries around the world including Mozambique. SNV is the primary implementer of the BRILHO Energy programme, aiming to increase energy access for 1.5 million Mozambicans.
For more information about SNV visit their homepage at: https://snv.org/
USAID is an international development agency from the United States of America (U.S.). Their mission is to lead the U.S. Government’s international development and disaster assistance through partnerships and investments to reduce poverty, strengthen democratic governance, and help people emerge from humanitarian crises and progress beyond assistance.
USAID has supported Mozambique since the years following its independence with humanitarian aid infrastructure projects; in 2013 USAID launched the Power Africa programme. Power Africa aims to provide access to energy to the population of sub-Saharan African countries by help improve energy reforms, working beyond the grid, and empowering women. As of 2021 Power Africa has supported project with a total development of 122 MW of electricity generation and 193 948 new connections.
For more information on USAID and Power Africa visit: https://www.usaid.gov/powerafrica/mozambique
- KFW, Tasks and Goals, https://www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/International-financing/KfW-Development-Bank/Tasks-and-goals/
- KFW, Ex Post Evaluation Reports L-M, https://www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/International-financing/KfW-Development-Bank/Our-results/Results/Ex-Post-Evaluation-Reports-L-M/.
- AFD, Strengthening the Electricity Interconnection Between Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa, https://www.afd.fr/en/carte-des-projets/strengthening-electricity-interconnection-between-mozambique-swaziland-and-south-africa
- ‘AFD and Mozambique’, https://www.afd.fr/en/ressources/afd-and-mozambique
- 'Kick-Starting the Baseline Study of the Second Phase of The...’, Open.Enabel, accessed 2 June 2021, https://open.enabel.be/en/MOZ/2188/823/u/kick-starting-the-baseline-study-of-the-second-phase-of-the-renewable-energy-for-rural-development-project-rerd2.html
- ‘REEEP - Regulating off-Grid Renewable Energy Tariffs in Mozambique’, REEEP, accessed 7 June 2021, https://www.reeep.org/projects/regulating-grid-renewable-energy-tariffs-mozambique
- ‘Results Strategy for Sweden’s International Development Cooperation with Mozambique’, accessed 7 June 2021, https://www.government.se/4b003b/contentassets/5fd93aed96ba4e6fb3d41ff9caadd7eb/resultatstrategi-mocambique-engelska.pdf
- BRILHO Energy Africa Programme’, accessed 7 June 2021, http://snv.org/project/brilho-energy-africa-programme
- ‘Mission, Vision and Values | U.S. Agency for International Development’, 16 February 2018, https://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/mission-vision-values
- History | Mozambique | U.S. Agency for International Development’, 19 March 2021, https://www.usaid.gov/mozambique/history
- ‘About Us | Power Africa | U.S. Agency for International Development’, 12 January 2021, https://www.usaid.gov/powerafrica/aboutus
- ‘Power Africa in Mozambique | Power Africa | U.S. Agency for International Development’, 20 May 2021, https://www.usaid.gov/powerafrica/mozambique