Description of the Technology: At the moment Low-Cost Polyethylene Tube Digesters in Bolivia have costs between 93, - € and 148, - €. To operate a digester, the producer has to charge it day to day with 20 kg of cow dung (or other animal dung), mixed with 60 liters of water. Once the digester starts its operation (between 30 to 60 days), it produces around 4 - 5 hours of biogas daily, for cooking or other applications like use of gas lamps. Furthermore the digester provides daily 80 liters of ecologic fertilizer, which helps to increase the production of agriculture. The digester system has a pressure between 15 cm - 20 cm of water column.
The household tube digesters possess a triple win situation:
- In the economic sense; the producer does not have to buy liquid gas, firewood or chemical fertilizer.
- In the health sense
- In the ecological sense; the environment threat is reduced due to the decrease in the use of chemical fertilizers and organic waste exposures. Furthermore, it also helps with reduce the deforestation by consumption of firewood.
| Tube Digester Type-Valley installed in a greenhouse
Cochabamba / Bolivia
| Woman is cooking with Biogas / Bolivia
Objective of the EnDev Project
Convert household tube digesters into an additional tool within the productive uses of families in the rural areas of Bolivia, in such a manner that the knowledge is transferred to local technicians.
- In the short term: Train more local technicians in installation and management of household digester projects in Bolivia, so as to disseminate the technology between rural families.
- In the medium term: Spread the tube digester technology at a national wide level, so that families may learn about the method and from this, under their own criteria, decide if they will incorporate such technology into their productive system.
- In the long term: Democratize the technology in such a manner that communities, producer associations, municipalities, etc. may develop and manage their own tube digester projects without external assistance or technological subsidies.
| Farmer using undiluted fertilizer produced by his own Tube Digester / Bolivia
|| Farmer using filtered and diluted fertilizer for spraying onions/ Bolivia
Support Provided by GIZ / EnDev Bolivia
► More information about EnDev
| In order to reach the objective, GIZ provides the following support:
- Technical advice for tube digester projects.
- Technical and theoretical training to groups of professionals and institutions, throughout workshops.
- Technical training for local technicians and producer associations throughout intensive workshops (3 days).
- Subvention between 20 - 25 % in material costs for the tube digesters. The subvention is open to be complemented by other donors, with the condition that the contrapart of the family will be at least 50 % of the material costs.
- Coordination and broadcast of the information of tube digesters, as a mean of contact with institutions interested in biogas and bio-fertilizer in Bolivia.
| Certificated local technicians in Carabuco / Bolivia|
- To be able to work in different altitudes and climate zones, in Bolivia the Low-Cost Polyethylene Tube Digester was modified into three climate types.
- The three implanted types are calculated for 4 - 5 hours of Biogas using per day. The digesters differ in size and protection of the system.
- The biodigester for the Bolivian Altiplano (picture td7) is enclosed in a greenhouse of polyethylene (250 microns), supported by two lateral adobe walls of 40 cm thickness (figure 4) above the hole length of the trench. This lateral walls accumulate the heat of the greenhouse effect, that with freezing temperatures during winter nights, they maintain the digester in function, by the own high thermal inertia. So it is possible to realise the installation of a working digester in an altitude of more than 4.500 m about sea level.
Fact Sheet 01 2010 Comparison Low-Cost Polyethylene Tube Digester Bolivia.jpg
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 GIZ / EnDev Bolivia
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 GTZ / EnDev Bolivia