2.5 Crops and Livestock
An overview of the prevailing types of crops and/or livestock in the country or region of interest serves to understand which SPIS are most suitable and is also indicative of the market potential for SPIS technology. This is particularly relevant for SPIS system suppliers and entities seeking to promote adoption of SPIS by farmers. This information can be sourced from government ministries in charge of agriculture, global research studies on cultivated areas, FAO databases on crop cultivation among others.
Additionally, stakeholders interested in promoting or setting up SPIS schemes can use agro-ecological zones (AEZs) to determine the most suitable crops to be cultivated and animals to be reared in an area. AEZs define areas based on combinations of soil, landform and climatic characteristics and match suitable crops and animals to regions. The zones can also be used to determine the potential yields of the main crops grown within the zone thus helping with income projections of the target market. As discussed under Finance in Chapter 3, access to finance is a key parameter in evaluating a market’s potential for SPIS.
The Global Agro-ecological Zones (GAEZ) portal by FAO and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provide a comprehensive online portal with details on land resources, agro-climatic resources, suitability and potential yield, actual yield and production and yield and production gaps. Stakeholders interested in SPIS can refer to this or similar tools to determine important characteristics that influence the type of crops or livestock in an area.
- List of crops grown and animals reared in selected countries or regions
- AEZ classification for selected areas
- Potential crop/livestock yield within the area of interest
- Global AEZ by FAO and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis