Value for Money (VfM) in the Department for International Development (DFID) programme means: We maximise the impact of each pound spent to improve poor people’s lives.
| "VFM is a set of assessment practices for appraisal, review or evaluation of systems and functions as well as initiatives, schemes and projects that are time bound. The development of these practices, following economic policy imperatives, has traditionally been led by the auditing and accountancy professions. VFM is now found not only amongst a range of internal and external controls, procedures and assessments for financial and resource management (for example risk management, fraud and corruption, audits), but also forms part of performance management systems and processes in organizations. Hence there are many and necessary links to results-based management, monitoring activity, impact assessment and evaluations."
3Es (and a CE)
Are we or our agents buying inputs of the appropriate quality at the right price? (Inputs are things such as staff, consultants, raw materials and capital that are used to produce outputs)
How well do we or our agents convert inputs into outputs? (outputs are results delivered by us or our agents to an external party. We or our agents exercise strong control over the quality and quantity of outputs)
How well are the outputs from an intervention achieving the desired outcome on poverty reduction? (Note that in contrast to outputs, we or our agents do not exercise direct control over outcomes)
How much impact on poverty reduction does an intervention achieve relative to the inputs that we or our agents invest in it?