A Comparative Study of Electricity Supply and Benefits from Microgirds, Solar Home Systems and the Grid in Rural South
Presenter: Narasimha D.Rao, Anjana Agarwal and Davida Wood
|We collect for the first time data on electricity supply conditions and benefits from three types of systems – solar home systems (SHS), microgrid and grid – in proximate villages in 3 districts in Bihar and Nepal. Based on 859 household surveys and 75 small business interviews, we quantify income differences and benefits to women and children, and qualitatively assess the role of electricity in rural development. Electricity service is highly differentiated across the systems, particularly with regard to availability and cost. We find electricity discernibly increases women’s leisure, but find no discernable income differences. Kerosene use is noticeably reduced only with solar systems. Small businesses rarely locate themselves based on electricity availability, but suffer high opportunity costs from poor supply.
Narasimha D.Rao, Anjana Agarwal and Davida Wood: Micro Perspective for Decentralized Energy (MES) 2015, Bangalore, India.