Energy Access - External Resources

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External Resources

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    The WAME database contains energy access projects, policies, case studies and publications which have helped increase access to energy services for households, communities and businesses mainly in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

General Reading on Energy Access

Urban Energy Access

Rural Energy Access

Recent Publications on Energy Access

Our lists relevant publications related to the energy sector in developing countries. Next to Energy Access, you can browse by topic (Bioenergy, Climate Change, Energy Efficiency, Financing and Business Models, Grid, Hydropower, Impacts, Improved Cookstoves, Mini-grid, Mobility, Powering Agriculture, Productive Use, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind) and/or publication date.

We will promote the most recent and relevant publications via our monthly newsletter. Please browse through the database to access the latest publications and also feel free to add new publications by clicking on the "Add a new publication" button.

Find here all relevant "Energy Access" publications:

Title Publisher Year
Energy and Environment Partnership Southern and East Africa: Market Landscape Study - Volume I - Report Danish Energy Management & Esbensen 2017
Energy and Environment Partnership Southern and East Africa: Market Landscape Study - Volume II - Country Profiles - Stakeholder Maps Danish Energy Management & Esbensen 2017
An Evidence Review: How Affordable is Off-grid Energy Access in Africa? ACUMEN 2017
Tuned In: Television and Civic Engagement in Off-grid Society M-KOPA 2017
State of Electricity Access Report 2017 World Bank / ESMAP 2017
Solid Biomass Fuels for Cooking - Beyond Firewood and Charcoal GIZ 2017
Handbook for Biomass Cookstove Research, Design, and Development Global Alliance for Clean Cookstove and the MIT D-Lab 2017
The Fight for Light: Improving Energy Access through Digital Payments Better Than Cash Alliance 2017
Energy and Women and Girls: Analyzing the Needs, Uses, and Impacts of Energy on Women and Girls in the Developing World Oxfam 2017
Progress Towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) United Nations Economic and Social Council 2017
The Role of Sustainable Energy Access in the Migration Debate European Union Energy Initiative Partnership Dialogue Facility (EUEI PDF) 2017
Publication - Powering Primary Healthcare through Solar in India: Lessons from Chhattisgarh Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and Oxfam India 2017
Double Dividend: Power and Agriculture Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa The World Bank 2017
Education and Electrification of Rural Schools Smart Villages 2017
Taking the Pulse: Understanding Energy Access Market Needs in Five High-Impact Countries Sustainable Energy for All, Practical Action Consulting, E3 Analytics 2017
Understanding the Landscape: Tracking Finance for Electricity and Clean Cooking Access in High-Impact Countries Sustainable Energy for All, Climate Policy Initiative, World Bank 2017
Energy Access Outlook 2017: From Poverty to Prosperity International Energy Agency 2017
Providing Energy Access through Off-Grid Solar: Guidance for Governments Global Off-Grid Lighting Association (GOGLA) 2017
Invention of Discrete Power Converter (DPC) as Paradigm Shift in the Converting of Mechanical Energy Powered by Gravity Research Gate 2016
Discrete Power Converter (DPC) as hydro-mechanical model of relaxation oscillator for educational purpose. Academia 2016
Turning up the Volume: Financial Aggregation for Off-Grid Energy International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) 2017
‘Why Wait?’: Report Explores SDG Dividends from Accelerated Access to Decentralized Electricity Sustainable Energy for All and Power For All 2017
Demand for Off-Grid Solar Electricity: Experimental Evidence from Rwanda Environment for Development (EfD) 2017
Tackling Fossil Fuel Subsidies through International Trade Agreements Climate Strategies 2017
Solutions for the Missing Middle: The Case for Large-Scale Mini-Grid Development Global Green Growth Institute 2017
Energy and Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries euei pdf 2017
Future Energy Scenarios for African Cities: Unlocking Opportunities for Climate Responsive Development euei pdf 2017
Environmental Payoffs of LPG Cooking in India IOP Publishing Ltd 2017
Scale and Sustainability: Toward a Public-Private Paradigm in Powering India REEP 2017
Solving the Last Mile Distribution Challenge: a Call to Action from the Global Distributors Collective Practical Action 2017
Contribution of Variable Renewable Energy to Increase Energy Security in Latin America Inter American Development Bank 2017
La Red del Futuro: Desarrollo de una Red Eléctrica Limpia y Sostenible para América Latina Inter American Development Bank 2017
What Is Impeding the Growth of Improved Cookstove Companies? Engineering for Change 2017
Clean Cooking and the SDGs: Integrated Analytical Approaches to Guide Energy Interventions for Health and Environment Goals Science Direct 2018
Report from Uganda: Case Studies of Improved Cookstove Companies UpEnergy 2018
Off-Grid Electrification Scenarios for Rural Electrification in Myanmar The University of Tokyo 2018
Access to Energy Services through Renewable Sources in Latin America & The Caribbean Alliance for Rural Electrification 2017
Generación de Electricidad a Partir de Biogás Capturado de Residuos Sólidos Urbanos: Un Análisis Teórico-Práctico Inter American Development Bank 2017
How Solar Household Systems Contribute to Resilience Overseas Development Institute 2017
Prices, Products and Priorities: Meeting Refugees’ Energy Needs in Burkina Faso and Kenya Practical Action 2018
Aligning Energy Development and Climate Objectives in Nationally Determined Contributions Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) 2018
Mobile for Development Utilities GSMA 2018
Practical Guide to the Regulatory Treatment of Mini-Grids U.S. Agency for International Development in collaboration with NARUC 2017
Off-Grid Solar Market Trends Report 2018 International Finance Corporation 2018
Best Practices & Key Recommendations from Young Leaders in Energy Access Africa-EU Energy Partnership (AEEP) 2018
The Contribution of Forests to National Income in Ethiopia and Linkages with REDD+ UNEP 2018
Improving Efficiency in Forestry Operations and Forest Product Processing in Kenya UNEP 2018
Reaching the Last-Mile: Women’s Social and Sustainable Energy Entrepreneurship Comprehensive Initiative on Technology Evaluation at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 2018
Result-Based Financing for Energy Acess Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH - Energising Development (EnDev) 2018
Fostering Effective Energy Transition. A Fact-Based Framework to Support Decision-Making World Economic Forum 2018
Sustainable Hydropower in West Africa - Chapter 6: Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development Elsevier 2018
Scaling Energy Access with Blended Finance: SunFunder and the Role of Catalytic Capital SunFunder 2018
Gender Perspective on Access to Energy in the EU University of Twente 2017
Pioneering Power: Transforming Lives Through Off-Grid Renewable Energy in Africa and Asia ODI and Tearfund 2018
Levels of Change: How Global Trends Impact Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Access to Sustainable Energy Sustainable Energy for All and Power For All 2018
Lessons from Collective Action for the Local Governance of Mini-Grids for Pro-Poor Electricity Access Low Carbon Energy for Development Netowork 2018
A Challenge for Sustainable Electrification, Respecting the Local Tradition in Ciptagelar Village, West Java, Indonesia: Complementary Approach with a Private Company Energy Procedia 2017
Stand-Alone Solar Businesses in Zambia: A Guide for Venture Developers and Investors Africa EU Renewable Energy Cooperation Programme 2018
Towards the Achievement of SDG 7 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Creating Synergies Between Power Africa, Sustainable Energy for All and Climate Finance In-Order to Achieve Universal Energy Access Before 2030 Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2018
Energy, Migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Overseas Development Institute (ODI) 2018
Getting on Target: Accelerating energy access through fossil fuel subsidy reform International Institute for Sustainable Development 2018
Accelerating Energy Access: The Role of Patient Capital Acumen 2018
Crowd Power: Who is the crowd? Energy4Impact 2018
Global Renewable Energy Trends: Solar and wind move from mainstream to preferred Deloitte Insights 2018
Best Practices in Accelerating Access to Clean Household Energy: A Collection of Evidence from wPOWER Partners wPOWER hub 2018
Opportunities & Challenges in the Mini-Grid Sector in Africa: Lessons learned from the EEP portfolio Energy and Environment Partnership Trust Fund: Southern & East Africa (EEP Africa) 2018
Off-Grid Appliance Market Survey: Perceived Demand and Impact Potential of Household, Productive Use and Healthcare Technologies (3rd Edition) Efficiency for Access Coalition 2018
Impact Pathways of Small-Scale Energy Projects In The Global South – Findings from a Systematic Evaluation Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2018
Assessing International Public Finance for Energy in Africa: Where Do Development and Climate Priorities Stand? Oil Change International 2018
The New Deal on Energy for Africa: A Transformative Partnership to Light Up and Power Africa by 2025 - Update on Implementation African Development Bank Group (AFDB) 2017
Sustainable Energy Access Planning: A Case Study Asian Development Bank 2018
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2018 Asian Development Bank 2018
Impact Pathways of Small-Scale Energy Projects in the Global South – Findings From a Systematic Evaluation Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2018
Innovative Approaches to Energy Provision in Off-Grid Rural Communities—A Case of Botswana Scientific Research 2018
Lighting the way? Assessing the World Bank’s Climate Action Plan and Energy Access Bank Information Center Europe, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation and the Big Shift Global 2018
Shortchanging Energy Access: A Progress Report on Multilateral Development Bank Finance Oil Change International 2018
Energy Safety Nets: A Literature Review Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD) & Overseas Development Institute (ODI) 2018
End-of-Life Management of Batteries in the Off-Grid Solar Sector Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH 2018
Energy Technology Innovation in South Asia: Implications for Gender Equality and Social Inclusion ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK 2018
Energy Safety Nets CAFOD and ODI 2018
Central schemes has improved energy access in UP: CEEW webindia123 2018
The African Development Bank and Energy Access Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Trends and Insights from Recent Data Friends of the Earth & Oil Change International 2018
The Costs of Fuelling Humanitarian Aid Moving Energy Initiative 2018
Closing the Circuit - Stimulated End-Use Demand for Rural Electrification Rocky Mountain Institute 2018
Powering the Crowd Into the Future - Key Learnings & Recommendations Energy4Impact 2018
Powering Ahead - Improving How We Use and Account for Energy in Humanitarian Operations (Tool-Kit) Moving Energy Initiative (MEI) 2018
SADC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report 2018 Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) & Southern African Development Community (SADC) Centre for Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency (SACREEE) 2018
Closing the Circuit, Stimulating End-Use Demand For Rural Electrification Rocky Mountain Institute 2018
Poor People's Energy Outlook (PPEO) 2018 Report - Achieving Inclusive Energy Access at Scale UK Aid & Practical Action Publishing 2018
Poor People's Energy Outlook (PPEO) 2018 Briefing - Achieving Inclusive Energy Access at Scale UK Aid & Practical Action Publishing 2018
Under the Grid - Improving the Economics & Reliability of Rural Electricity Service with Undergrid Minigrids Rocky Mountain Institute 2018
Supporting Last-mile Women Energy Entrepreneurs: What works and what does not work International Network on Gender & Sustainable Energy (ENERGIA) 2019
Next Level Sustainable Energy Provision in Line with People’s Needs - A Proposal for Extending the Multi-Tier Framework for Monitoring SDG7 Fraunhofer ISI & Institute for Resource Efficiency and Energy Strategies 2018
Closing the Circuit: Stimulating End-Use Demand for Rural Electrification Rocky Mountain Institute 2019
Handbook for Rooftop Solar Development in Asia The Asian Development Bank (ADB) 2019
Energy Access and Off-Grid Solar Use in Uganda: Examining Solar Adoption and the Role of Flexible Payment Mechanisms as a Driver for Energy Access Sida, Schatz Energy Research Center & United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) 2019
Energy Decentralization in the European Union 2019
Rural Electrification in India - Customer Behaviour and Demand The Rockefeller Foundation, Smart Power India & ISEP 2019
Sustainability of Community-owned Mini-grids: Evidence from India 2019
Off-Grid Renewable Energy Solutions to Expand Electricity Access: An opportunity not to be missed International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) 2019
Women Working in the Rooftop Solar Sector: A Look at India's Transition to Clean Energy International Energy Agency (IEA) 2019
Mobile-enabled Energy for Humanitarian Contexts: The Case for Pay-as-you-go Solar Home Systems in Kakuma Refugee Camp GSMA 2019
Innovative Financing for Humanitarian Energy Interventions Moving Energy Initiative (MEI) 2019
SADC Energy Investment Yearbook 2018 Southern African Development Community Energy Division (SADC) & Southern African Research and Documentation Centre (SARDC) Regional Economic Development Institute (REDI) 2018
Electricity Access in Sub-Saharan Africa: Uptake, Reliability, and Complementary Factors for Economic Impact World Bank 2019
Renewable Capacity Statistics 2019 International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) 2019
2019 Clean Cooking Industry Snapshot - An Inaugural Report on Sector Investment and Innovation Clean Cooking Alliance 2019
Moving More Money: Can aggregation catalyse off-grid financing? The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) 2019
Lasting Impact: Sustainable Off-Grid Solar Delivery Models to Power Health and Education United Nations Foundation, Sustainable Energy for All, UK aid & CATALYST 2019
Gender in the Transition to Sustainable Energy for All: From Evidence to Inclusive Policies International Network on Gender & Sustainability (ENERGIA) 2019
Renewable Energy Access and Socio-economic Development: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Mchinji and Rumphi Districts in Malawi OXFAM America 2019
2019 Tracking SDG7 - The Energy Progress Report International Energy Agency (IEA), International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), The World Bank and World Health Organization (WHO) 2019
Advancing Renewables in Developing Countries: Progress of Projects Supported through the IRENA/ADFD Project Facility The IRENA/ADFD Project Facility 2019
Energy poverty in the Lao PDR and its Impacts on Education and Health 2019
Shining a Light: How Lighting in or around Sanitation Facilities Affects the Risk of Gender-Based Violence in Camps Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University, Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF) & OXFAM 2019
State of Play and Innovations in Off-Grid Refrigeration Technology: Lessons Learned from Current Initiatives 2019
Advancing Mini-Grids in Sierra Leone: Exploring a Holistic Framework of Policies, Regulations, and Institutions Clean Energy Solution Center 2019
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia's National Electrification Program 2.0 Government of Ethiopia 2019
Powering Jobs Census 2019: The Energy Access Workforce POWER4ALL, Schneider Electric Foundation & The Rockefeller Foundation 2019
Mini Grids for Half a Billion People: Market Outlook and Handbook for Decision Makers ESMAP 2019
Energy for Food Security - 2019 World Good Programme (WFP) 2019
Where and How Slum Electrification Succeeds : A Proposal for Replication Live Wire, ESMAP & The World Bank Group 2019
Distributed Solar Photovoltaics Landscape in Uttar Pradesh, India: Lessons for Transition to Decentralised Rural Electrification 2019
Off-Grid Solar Market Assessment in Mozambique Economic Consulting Associates (ECA) & GreenLight 2018
How does Energy Matter? Rural Electrification, Entrepreneurship, and Community Development in Kenya 2019
Integrated Electrification Pathways for Universal Access to Electricity: A Primer Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL) 2019
Exploring the Nexus of Mini-grids and Digital Technologies: Potentials, Challenges and Options for Sustainable Energy Access in Sub-Saharan Africa Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) Potsdam, enerpirica & Reiner Lemoine Institute (RL) 2019
2019 SEforALL Charrettes Report Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL) 2019
Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2019 UN Environment’s Economy Division & Frankfurt School-UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance 2019
PRODUSE II: Measuring Impact of Electrification on Micro and Small Enterprises in Nepal GIZ 2017
Expanding Access to Clean Energy in Developing Countries: The Role of Off-grid Mini Hydro Power Projects in Kenya International Journal of Renewable Energy Research-IJRER 2019
Climate-smart agriculture and the Sustainable Development Goals: Mapping interlinkages, synergies and trade-offs and guidelines for integrated implementation FAO 2019
Powering Opportunity in East Africa GOGLA 2019
Fact Sheet: Quantifying mini-grid impacts Power for All 2019
Energizing Finance: Understanding the Landscape 2019 SEforALL 2019
Energizing Finance: Taking the Pulse 2019 SEforALL 2019
Market Analysis: Energy Access for Syrian Refugees in Lebanon Lighting Global 2019
Energy, Gender and GBV in Emergencies: State of Principles, Knowledge and Practice Mercy Corps 2019
Poor People's Energy Outlook (PPEO) 2019 - Enabling energy access: from village to nation. Practical Action 2019
The Role of Renewable Energy Mini-grids in Kenya’s Electricity Sector: Evidence of a cost-competitive option for rural electrification and sustainable development New Climate Institute under the Ambition to Action project 2019
LIGHTING THE WAY - Roadmap to Exits in Off-Grid Energy Acumen 2019
First Steps: How Early Adopters Climb the Solar Energy Ladder FINCA 2019
Last Mile Distribution: state of the sector report Practical Action 2019
Power Africa Annual Report 2019: Lights On! Power Africa 2019
Global Strategy for Sustainable Energy: A UNHCR Strategy 2019-2024 The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) 2019
The Need for Impact Evaluation in Electricity Access Research 2019
Powering Opportunity (in East & West Africa) GOGLA 2019
Renewable solutions for refugee settlements - Sustainable energy access in humanitarian situations International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) 2019
Electrifying The Underserved: Collaborative Business Models for Developing Minigrids Under the Grid Rocky Mountain Institute, EMRC, Clean Technology Hub & All On 2019
Assessing the Market for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Microgrids in Malawi Hapres: Journal of Sustainability Research 2020
Powering Opportunity in South Asia GOGLA 2020
Energy Access, Data and Digital Solutions TFE Energy GmbH 2020
Electrifying the energy sector: The case of Slovakia and the Czech Republic Queen Mary University of London, School of Law 2020
Energy Safety Nets: Kenya Case Study Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL), ODI, Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD) 2020
Energy Safety Nets: Using Social Assistance Mechanisms to Close Affordability Gaps for the Poor Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL), ODI, Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD) 2020
Energy Safety Nets: India Case Study Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL) 2020
OFF-GRID SOLAR MARKET TRENDS REPORT 2020 (Summary Report) Lighting Global, ESMAP, and GOGLA 2020
The Impact of Rural Electrification – Results of the 2013-2019 Impact Monitoring of the Investments in Rural Electrification in West Nile Sub-Region, Uganda KfW Development Bank 2019
Energized: Policy innovations to power the transformation of Africa’s agriculture and food system Malabo Montpellier Panel 2019
Private Sector Driven Business Models for Clean Energy Mini-Grids: Lessons learnt from South and South-East-Asia Alliance for Rural Electrification (ARE), Energy for all initiative, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) 2020
India 2020: Energy Policy Review International Energy Agency (IEA) 2020